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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HORNET – See Insects.
HORNS OF MOSES – Owing to the representations of the old painters and sculptors, it has become a wide-spread belief that Moses, when he came down from Mount Sinai with the tables of the Law, had two horns on his forehead. This strange idea,...
HORNTHAL, FRANZ LUDWIG VON – German jurist and author; born in Hamburg March 5, 1763; died at Bamberg June 27, 1853. After studying at Bamberg he was appointed teacher to the pages of the Bishop of Bamberg. A few years later he established himself as an...
HOROLOGY – The science of the measurement of time. Portions of time are distinguished in the first chapter of Genesis. The term "from time to time" (I Chron. ix. 25) means from hour to hour, that is, a complete day, just as in the Talmud...
HOROMITE – See Sanballat.
HORONAIM – City of Moab (Isa. xv. 5; Jer. xlviii. 3, 5), mentioned also in the Mesha inscription (lines 31, 32) under the name . Its site is supposed by some to be to the south of the Arnon. Josephus ("Ant." xiii. 15, § 4; xiv. 1, § 4)...
HOROVITZ, MARKUS – German rabbi and historian; born March 14, 1844, at Ladány, near Tokaj, Hungary. The descendant of an ancient family of scholars, he pursued his rabbinical studies at the yeshibot of Ujhely, Verbé, and Eisenstadt (the last-named...
HOROWITZ, AARON BEN JACOB HALEVI – Russian Talmudist; lived in the second half of the seventeenth century; son-in-law of Joseph ben Löb, rabbi of Minsk. He revised David ben Samuel's commentary to Rashi on the Pentateuch, published at Dyhernfurth in 1689 under...
HOROWITZ, ISAIAH – German cabalist, rabbi, and author; born at Prague about 1555; died at Safed about 1630. At an early age he accompanied his father, Abraham Horowitz, to Poland and studied under Solomon Rabbi Lebush's in Cracow. He married the...
HOROWITZ, LAZAR (ELEAZAR) – Austrian rabbi; born at Flosz, Bavaria, 1803; died at Vöslau, near Vienna, June 11, 1868. He was the son of David Joshua Hoeshel, rabbi of Flosz, and grandson of Ẓebi Hirsch Horwitz, rabbi of Frankfort-on-the-Main. In 1822 his...
HOROWITZ, LEOPOLD – Hungarian painter; born in 1837 at Rozgony, near Kaschau, where he attended the gymnasium. He received instruction in painting from Roth until 1850, when he went to the Vienna Academy to study under Geiger, Meyer, and Wurzinger....
HOROWITZ, MOSES HA-LEVI – Judæo-German playwright; born on the 7th of Adar, 1844, at Stanislau, Galicia. After the usual Jewish education he studied German and went to Bucharest. In 1876 he established a Jewish theater there, and has been connected with...
HOROWITZ (HORWITZ), PHINEHAS LEVI – Rabbi and Talmudic author; born in Poland about 1731; died in Frankfort-on-the-Main July 1, 1805. The descendant of a long line of rabbinical ancestors and the son of Rabbi Ẓebi Hirsch Horowitz of Czortkow, he received a...
HOROWITZ, SCHMELKE – Rabbi and cabalist; born in Poland 1726; died at Nikolsburg April 28, 1778; son of Hirsch Horowitz, rabbi of Czortkow, and brother of Phinehas Horowitz of Frankfort-on-the-Main. A disciple of Bär of Meseritz, he was a devotee of...
HOROWITZ, SHABBETHAI – Rabbi and Talmudist; born, probably in Ostrog, Volhynia, about 1590; died at Vienna April 12, 1660. He was the son of the cabalist Isaiah Horowitz, and at an early age married the daughter of the wealthy and scholarly Moses...
HOROWITZ, SHABBETHAI SHEFTEL – Cabalistic author: flourished in Prague in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. His father, named Akiba according to Steinschneider and Benjacob, not Jacob, was the son of Abraham Sheftels and the brother of Isaiah Horowitz....