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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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OSTROGORSKI, MOISEI YAKOVLEVICH – Russian political economist and sociologist; born in the year 1854. He is the son of a Jewish teacher at Grodno (see "Ha-Shaḥar," v. 273). After studying law in the University of St. Petersburg, he held for some time a...
OSTROPOLI, SAMSON BEN PESAH – Polish rabbi; martyred at Polonnoye, government of Podolia, in the Cossacks' Uprising July 15, 1648. When the Cossacks laid siege to Polonnoye, Samson, with 300 of his followers, arrayed in their shrouds and praying-shawls, went...
OSTROWO – See Posen.
OTHNIEL – One of the sons of Kenaz, according to the chronicler (I Chron. iv. 13); hence one of the Kenizzites. After Caleb had been assigned his possession (Josh. XV. 13 et seq.), he drove out the giants and otherwise secured it for...
OTIYYOT DE-RABBI AḲIBA – See Akiba ben Joseph, Alphabet of.
OTRANTO – City of southern Italy. It was one of the oldest seats of Jewish learning in Europe, so that at an early date the proverb "From Bari shall the Law go forth, and the word of the Lord from Otranto" came into circulation. In the...
OTTENHEIMER, HENRIETTE – German poetess; born at Stuttgart Sept. 10, 1807; died there 1883. A faithful Jewess, she was filled with the desire, even at an early age, to combat anti-Jewish prejudice; and she numbered among her friends and correspondents...
OTTENSOOSER, DAVID – German author; born 1784; died May 22, 1858, at Fürth. An infant prodigy, he was an omnivorous reader from early youth; and his unceasing activity continued throughout his life. Ottensooser was a thorough scholar, although...
OTTENSOSER, LAZARUS – German rabbi; born at Weimarsschmieden in 1798; died at Hochstädt Aug., 1878; son of the "Cultusbeamte" Naphtali Ottensoser of Weimarsschmieden, with whom he went in early youth to Kleinabstadt. Beginning life as a pedler,...
ÖTTINGEN – Former principality and county of Germany, covering about 100 square kilometers. It belonged to the two houses of Öttingen-Spielberg and Öttingen-Wallerstein, and included, aside from the capital of Öttingen, the communities of...
ÖTTINGEN, ELIJAH B. ABRAHAM B. MORDECAI HA-LEVI – Rabbi at Wengrow, Poland, in the first half of the seventeenth century. His first work, "Berit ha-Lewi" (Lublin, 1645), is an ethical exposition of the prayer of Moses (Deut. iii. 23-26) by 365 different methods, interwoven with...
ÖTTINGER – See Ettinger.
ÖTTINGER, EDUARD MARIA – German writer; born at Breslau Nov. 19, 1808; died at Blasewitz, near Dresden, June 26, 1872. In 1828 he became a Catholic. He lived as a journalist in Berlin (editing "Eulenspiegel," 1829), Munich ("Das Schwarze Gespenst,"...
ÖTTINGER, JACOB JOSEPH – German rabbi; born at Glogau 1780; died at Berlin Nov. 7, 1860. A pupil of Hirsch Samose, he acquired a wide knowledge of rabbinical literature. In 1820 he was called to Berlin as assistant rabbi, and was appointed acting rabbi...
ÖTTINGER, JOSEPH – Austrian physician; born at Tarnow, Galicia, May 7, 1818; died at Cracow Oct. 2, 1895. He was educated at the University of Cracow (M.D. 1843; Doctor of Surgery 1850). In 1851 he had charge of the lectures on the history of...
OTTO, JULIUS CONRAD – See Margolioth, Naphtali.
OTTOLENGHI, ABRAHAM AZARIAH (BONAJUT) – Italian rabbi; born at Acqui 1776; died in 1851; brother of Israel Emanuel Ottolenghi. On the occasion of the entrance of the French army in 1796, after the battle of Montanotte near the walls of Acqui, he made an address on the...
OTTOLENGHI, DONATO – Italian author; born at Acqui Nov. 7, 1820; died Oct. 5, 1883, at Alessandria, Piedmont, where he had resided since 1848. He was an ardent patriot, and maintained a correspondence with D'Azeglio, Bianchi-Giovini, Balbo, and...
OTTOLENGHI, EMILIO (Count of Vallepiana) – Italian philanthropist; born at Acqui Nov. 5, 1830; since 1848 he has been a resident of Alessandria, Piedmont. In 1882 he was elected to the common council and was re-elected for several years. He was likewise a member of the...
OTTOLENGHI, GIUSEPPE – Italian general; born at Sabbionetta, Lombardy, Dec. 26, 1838; died at Turin Nov. 2, 1904. He began the study of law at Turin, and then entered the military academy of that city. He enlisted as a volunteer in the campaign of...
OTTOLENGHI, LAZZARO – Italian rabbi; born at Acqui 1820; died in Rome 1890. He occupied successively the rabbinates of Turin, Moncalvo, and (1858) Acqui. The last years of his life were spent in Rome. Ottolenghi was a preacher of some note, and wrote...
OTTOLENGHI, LEONETTO – Italian philanthropist; born at Asti Nov. 3, 1829; died at Pisa Feb. 20, 1904. In 1889 he rebuilt the Jewish synagogue at Asti, and two years later organized the exposition held there, of which he was president. In 1898 he...
OTTOLENGHI, SALVATORE – Italian physician; born at Asti March 20, 1861. He received his education at his native town and at the University of Turin (M.D. 1884). He has been since 1888 assistant professor of medicine and chief of the medico-forensic...
OTTOLENGO, JOSEPH – Italian scholar of the sixteenth century; died about 1570. He was a German by birth, but went from Ettlingen to Cremona. There he conducted a school ("Hebr. Bibl." v. 125, note), and became involved in a feud with Joshua dei...
OTTOLENGO, SAMUEL DAVID BEN JEHIEL – Italian rabbi of the cabalistic school; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; born at Casale-Monferrato; died 25th of Ab, 1718. He was chief rabbi of Padua and Venice, and was the author of the following works:...