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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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OULIF, CHARLES NARCISSE – French lawyer; born at Metz July, 1794; died in Paris March 3, 1867; educated at the Imperial Lyceum of Metz and later at Strasburg, where he was the first Jew to receive a degree in law (Dec., 1815), being admitted to the bar...
ÓVÁRY, LEOPOLD – Hungarian historian; custodian of the Hungarian state archives; born at Veszprim Dec. 31, 1833. He took part in the Hungarian struggle for liberty in 1848 and in the Italian war of independence in 1860. After the political...
OVEN – Stoves built into a room for the purpose of heating it have always been unknown in the East. The substitute for them is the "aḥ," or portable brazier, which even at present in the Orient is placed in the room during cold weather...
OVERREACHING – See Ona'ah.
OVRUCH (OVRUTCH) – District town in Volhynia. In 1629 only three houses there were owned by Jews; but a fairly large Jewish community must have existed, for in that year a synagogue was built ("Arkhiv Yugo-Zapadnoi Rossii," VII., ii. 413). In 1883...
OWL – Rendering in the English versions of the following Hebrew words: "kos" (Lev. xi. 17; A. V. "little owl"); "yanshuf" (ib.; A. V. "great owl"; LXX. ἶβις); "tinshemet" (ib. v. 18; R. V., after the Samaritan and Targum, "horned...
OWL, THE – See Periodicals.
OWNERSHIP – See Property.
OX – Biblical Data: Among the agricultural Semites the ox or bull had a sacred character. Thus in Sabea it was sacred to Athtar (comp. Mordtmann in "Z. D. M. G." xxx. 289, and Barton in "Hebraica," x. 58); at Tyre, Astarte was...
OXFORD – County town of Oxfordshire, England. According to Anthony à Wood, Jews settled there almost immediately after the Conquest. They located along Fish street (now St. Aldate) from Carfax to the great gate of Christ Church, forming...
OẒAR HA-ḤOKMAH WEHA-MADDA' – See Periodicals.
OẒAR NEḤMAD – Hebrew annual founded and published at Vienna by Ignatz Blumenthal of Brody, Galicia, in 1836. Only four volumes appeared, in 1836, 1857, 1860, and 1863 respectively. Their contents consisted of essays in an epistolary form on...
OẒAR HA-SIFRUT – Hebrew annual devoted to Jewish literature, science, poetry, and belles-lettres; founded by Isaac Shaltiel Gräber at Yaroslav, Galicia, in 1887. For the first three years it was published regularly; but the fourth volume did not...
'OZER BEN MEÏR – Polish rabbi; died at Zolkiev May, 1710; great-grandson of Solomon Luria. 'Ozer was rabbi at Clementow. He wrote: "Eben 'Ozer 'al Yad" (with text, Amsterdam, 1742), on the Yoreh De'ah, on Oraḥ Ḥayyim, and on Eben ha-'Ezer;...