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ÓVÁRY, LEOPOLD:

Hungarian historian; custodian of the Hungarian state archives; born at Veszprim Dec. 31, 1833. He took part in the Hungarian struggle for liberty in 1848 and in the Italian war of independence in 1860. After the political troubles had been settled he devoted himself to the study of history, in which he soon achieved distinction. In 1876 he was appointed assistant custodian of the state archives, in 1904 chief custodian; and in 1892 he was elected a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. A knighthood of the Order of the Crown of Italy has been conferred upon him.

Ováry's writings had considerable political influence, especially those attacking the anti-Hungarian Rumanian propaganda in Italy. His chief works include: "Nápolyi Történelmi Kutatások" (Budapest, 1874); "III. Pál Pápa s Farnese Sándor Bibornok Magyarországra Vonatkozó Diplomácziai Levelezései" (ib. 1879); "Oklevéltár Bethlen Gábor Diplomácziai Összeköttetéscinek Történetéhez" (ib. 1886); "Zsigmond Királly és az Olasz Diplomaczia" (ib. 1889); "A Magyar Anjouk Eredete" (ib. 1893); "La Questione Dacoromana e lo Stato Ungherese" (Rome, 1894; German ed., Budapest, 1894; French ed., Paris, 1894). Ováry embraced Christianity.

Bibliography:
  • Akadémiai Almanach, 1893, p. 165;
  • Pallas Lex.;
  • Szinnyei, Magyar Irók Elete.
S. L. V.
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