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HAMNUNA OF BABYLONIA – Teacher of the Bible; junior of Ḥanina b. Ḥama and senior of Jeremiah b. Abba, both of whom he consulted on an exegetical question (Yer. B. B. vii. 15c; comp. Yer. Ta'an. iv. 68a; Eccl. R. vii. 7). He was the innocent cause of...
HAMNUNA ZUṬA – Babylonian amora of the fourth century; junior and contemporary of Hamnuna II. (hence his cognomen "Zuṭa" ). Hamnuna II. had composed a penitential prayer beginning "My God! Before I was formed I was worthless" (see Confession)....
HA-MODIA' LA-ḤADASHIM – See Periodicals.
HAMON – Ancient family, originally from Spain, which settled in Turkey and produced several physicians. The following were among its more important members:1. Aaron b. Isaac Hamon: Physician at Constantinople about 1720.2. Joseph Hamon:...
HAMON-GOG – A glen at one time known as "the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea," so named after the burial there of "Gog and all his multitude" (Ezek. xxxix. 11, 15).E. G. H. B. P.
HAMOR – A Hivite prince; father of Shechem, whose defilement of Dinah caused the destruction of a whole city, including his own family (Gen. xxxiii. 19, xxxiv. 2, and passim). Hamor had great influence over the Shechemites; for on his...
HAMRAM – See Hemdan.
HAMUEL – The son of Mishma, a descendant of Simeon (I Chron. iv. 26).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HAMUL – The younger son of Pharez, Judah's son by Tamar, and head of the family of the Hamulites (Gen. xlvi. 12; Num. xxvi. 21; I Chron. ii. 5).E. G. H. M. Sel.
ḤAMUL ELIEZER MAẒLIAḤ B. ABRAHAM DE VITERBO – Roman rabbi and physician in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was of a family of rabbis, physicians, and merchants. In 1570 he appears as "fattore" or representative of a Jewish congregation, but in 1587 he is...
HAMUTAL – Daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah and mother of Kings Jehoahaz and Zedekiah (II Kings xxiii. 31, xxiv. 18; Jer. lii. 1). In the last two passages the more correct reading is "Hamital," which is invariably adopted by the...
ḤANA (HUNA) B. BIZNA – Babylonian scholar of the third and fourth centuries; judge at Pumbedita, (B. Ḳ. 12a). He especially cultivated the field of Haggadah, in which he became distinguished. R. Sheshet, who once attempted to criticize Ḥana's...
ḤANA B. ḤANILAI – Babylonian scholar and philanthropist of the third century; the junior of Huna I. and Ḥisda (Beẓah 21a, 40a). The Talmud relates of him that he was wont to employ scores of bakers in the preparation of bread for the poor, and...
HANAMEEL – Biblical Data: Son of Shallum and cousin of Jeremiah. The latter purchased a field from him for seventeen shekels of silver in token of his belief that the Israelites would return to their land (Jer. xxxii. 7-12).E. G. H. M....
HANAMEEL THE EGYPTIAN – High priest; flourished in the first century B.C. After assuming the government of Palestine, Herod surrounded himself with creatures of his own; from among these he chose one Hanameel to fill the office of high priest made...
HANAN – 1. A. Benjamite chief (I Chron. viii. 23). 2. The sixth son of Azel, also a Benjamite, of the family of Saul (ib. viii. 38). 3. Son of Maachah, one of David's mighty men (ib. xi. 43). 4. Progenitor of a family of the Nethinim,...
HANAN (ḤANIN, ḤANINAN) – Scholar of the third amoraic generation (third century). He was probably a Babylonian by birth and a late pupil of Rab, in whose name he reports halakot and haggadot (Yoma 41b; Suk. 15b et seq.; Ned. 7b); and is found...
HANAN (ḤANIN), ABBA – Tanna of the second century; younger contemporary of Simon of Shezur, Josiah, and Jonathan (Mek., Mishpaṭim, 8, 12, 20; Nazir 45a). Possibly he sat at the feet of Eliezer b. Hyrcanus, in whose name he transmits many halakic...
HANAN B. ABISHALOM – See Hanan the Egyptian.
HANAN THE EGYPTIAN – 1. (Hanan b. Abishalom.) One of the police judges at Jerusalem in the last decades of its independence (see Admon b. Gaddai). Several of his decisions have been preserved (Ket. xiii. 1 et seq.). 2. Disciple of Akiba, quoted...
HANAN, ISAAC – Turkish rabbi; lived at Salonica about the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work called "Bene Yiẓḥaḳ," homilies and responsa (Salonica, 1757).Bibliography: Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i. 407 (where Hanan occurs as...
HANAN OF ISKIYA (ASIKIA) – Rector of the Talmudical academy at Pumbedita. Hormizd IV. having disgraced the latter years of his reign by cruel persecutions of the Christians and the Jews, the Talmudical academies of Sura and Pumbedita were closed, their...
HANANEEL – Babylonian scholar of the third century; disciple of Rab (Abba Arika) and colleague of Beruna and Isaac b. Maḥseiah (Yer. Ber. vi. 10d; Pes. 103a). He was a great halakist, and so familiar with his master's opinions that once,...
HANANEEL BEN AMITTAI – Spiritual leader of the Jewish community of Oria, Italy, in the ninth century. He is said to have been descended from a Jerusalem family, members of which were taken to Italy by Titus. In the Ahimaaz Chronicle Hananeel is...
HANANEEL IBN ASKARA – See Shem-Ṭob ben Abraham Gaon.