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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JUDAH ARYEH LÖB BEN JOSHUA HÖSCHEL – Rabbi at Slutsk, government of Minsk, Russia, in the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Torah Or" (Berlin, 1745), halakot concerning the reading and writing of the Law and the rudiments of Hebrew grammar....
JUDAH ARYEH OF MODENA – See Leon (Judah Aryeh) of Modena.
JUDAH ARYEH BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – French Hebraist; flourished in the beginning of the eighteenth century; born in Krotoschin, Germany. He lived at Avignon and Carpentras, and is generally called after the latter town. He was the author of: "Ohole Yehudah"...
JUDAH BEN ASHER – German Talmudist; later, rabbi of Toledo, Spain; born in western Germany June 30, 1270; died at Toledo July 4, 1349; brother of Jacob ben Asher ("Ba'al ha-Ṭurim"). These dates are deduced from the evidence furnished by Judah's...
JUDAH B. BABA – Tanna of the second century; martyred (at the age of seventy) during the persecutions under Hadrian. At that time the government forbade, among other things, the ordination of rabbis, an infraction of the law being punished by...
JUDAH BEN BARZILLAI – Spanish Talmudist of the end of the eleventh and the beginning of the twelfth century. Almost nothing is known of his life. He came of a very distinguished family, on account of which he was not seldom called "ha-Nasi" (the...
JUDAH B. BATHYRA – See Bathyra.
JUDAH BENVENISTE – See Benveniste.
JUDAH DE BLANIS – Italian physician; lived at Perugia in the middle of the sixteenth century. David de Pomis, in his "De Medico Hebræo," counts Judah among the most prominent Italian physicians. He was a diligent student of Cabala, and associated...
JUDAH THE BLIND – See Yehudai ben Naḥman.
JUDAH OF CORBEIL – Tosafist of the thirteenth century. He wrote tosafot to a great number of Talmudical treatises, and is quoted in the "Kol Bo" (No. 87, on Berakot), in the Tosafot Yeshanim (on Yoma 14a), in the tosafot of Asheri (to Yeb. 14a;...
JUDAH HA-DARSHAN BEN MOSES – French Bible commentator; lived at Toulouse in the first half of the eleventh century. He is often quoted by Rashi in his commentary on the Pentateuch, and is twice mentioned in a commentary on the Maḥzor (Cod. Munich, No. 346)...
JUDAH B. DAVID CAGLIARI – See Cagliari.
JUDAH BEN DAVID OF MELUN – French tosafist of the first half of the thirteenth century; son of the tosafist David of Melun (department of Seine-et-Marne). In Perez of Corbeil's tosafot to Baba Ḳamma (ed. Leghorn, p. 53a) he is quoted under the name "Judah...
JUDAH BEN ELI – Karaite grammarian and liturgical poet; died at Jerusalem, where he was rosh yeshibah,in 932. He was the author of a grammatical work entitled "Me'or 'Enayim," in which he divided the Hebrew nouns into thirty-five classes (see...
JUDAH BEN ELIEZER – Lithuanian Talmudist and philanthropist; born at Wilna; died there March 18, 1762, having officiated as dayyan, communal secretary, and, for a short time, rabbi. Although so eminent as a Talmudist that he was consulted in the...
JUDAH BEN ELIJAH TISHBI – Karaite scholar and liturgical poet; flourished at Belgrade in the first half of the sixteenth century; grandson of Abraham ben Judah. He copied and completed the exegetical work of his grandfather, entitled "Yesod Miḳra," and...
JUDAH BEN ENOCH – Chief rabbi and preacher of Pfersee, Bavaria; lived at the end of the seventeenth century. His sermons for the festivals of Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles were published with those of his father, Enoch ben Abraham, under...
JUDAH B. EZEKIEL – Transmits Rab's and Samuel's Sayings. Babylonian amora of the second generation; born in 220; died at Pumbedita in 299. He was the most prominent disciple of Rab (Abba Arika), in whose house he often stayed, and whose son Ḥiyya...
JUDAH IBN EZRA – See Ibn Ezra, Judah.
JUDAH IBN GHAYYAT – See Ibn Ghayyat, Judah ben Isaac.
JUDAH HADASSI – See Hadassi, Judah.
JUDAH ḤAYYUJ – See Ḥayyuj, Judah.
JUDAH B. ḤIYYA – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.); son of the famous R. Ḥiyya. In Midr. Shemuel xi., and in Yer. Sanh. 29b, he is called also Judah be-Rabbi. He was the twin brother of Hezekiah (Yeb. 65b) and son-in-law of...
JUDAH BEN ILAI – One of the most important tannaim of the second century; born at Usha, a city of Galilee (Cant. R. ii.). His teachers were his father (himself a pupil of Eliezer b. Hyrcanus), Akiba, and Ṭarfon. He studied under the last-named...