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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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STRASHUN, MATHIAS – Russian Talmudist and writer; born in Wilna Oct. 1, 1817; died Dec. 13, 1885. He studied under Manasseh of Ilye and Isaac of Volozhin, who were highly impressed with his ability. Besides Talmud and Hebrew, Strashun acquired a...
STRASHUN, SAMUEL B. JOSEPH – Russian Talmudist; born in Zaskevich, government of Wilna, 1794; died in Wilna March 21, 1872. He was educated by his father, and became known as a proficient Talmudist. He married at an early age, and settled with his wife's...
STRAUS – American family, originally from Otterberg, in the Rhenish Palatinate. The earliest member known was one Lazarus, born in the first half of the eighteenth century, whose son Jacob Lazarus was known also as Jacques Lazare....
STRAUS, LUDWIG – Hungarian violinist; born at Presburg March 28, 1835; studied under Hellmesberger and Joseph Böhm (violin), and under Preyer and Nottebohm (composition). His first public performance took place at Vienna in June, 1850. He made...
STRAUSS, ADOLF – Hungarian geographer and ethnologist; born at Cece, Hungary, May 15, 1853; educated at Fehervar and Budapest; in the latter city he frequented the military academy, subsequently being attached to the staff of Field-Marshal...
STRAUSS, CHARLES – French jurist and politician; born at Gundershoffen, Lower Alsace, Oct. 14, 1834. He was graduated from the law school of Paris in 1874, and in the same year established himself as an attorney at the Court of Appeals in Paris....
STRAUSS, GUSTAVE LOUIS MAURICE – British author; born at Trois-Rivières, Canada, 1807; died at Teddington, England, Sept. 2, 1887; educated at Linden, Hanover, Berlin (Ph.D.), and at the Montpellier School of Medicine. In 1832 he visited England for the first...
STRAUSS, JOSEPH – English rabbi; born in Germany 1848; educated at the Royal Gymnasium at Stuttgart, and at the universities of Würzburg and Tübingen (Ph. D. 1873). He also pursued the study of theology, and, after having passed the state...
STRAUSS, PAUL – French senator; born at Rongchamp, Haute-Saône, Sept. 23, 1852. He studied at Paris, and was graduated from the Faculty of Medicine. In 1876 he entered the field of political journalism, becoming a regular contributor to...
STREET – See Way.
STRELISKER, MORDECAI BEN DAVID – Cantor in the synagogue of Mihăilenĭ in Rumania; born in Brody, Galicia, 1809; died Sept., 1875. He spent his youth in his native town, where he acquired a knowledge of Hebrew literature under the instruction of Erter and...
STRELITZ – See Mecklenburg.
STRICKER, SALOMON – Austrian pathologist; born at Waag-Neustadt, Hungary, 1834; died at Vienna April 2, 1898. He received his education at the University of Vienna, studying first law, and later medicine (M.D. 1858). In 1859 he joined the staff of...
STRIPES – Offenses. The only corporal punishment named in the Pentateuch is that of stripes; and the limitations put upon the judges are that they must cause the culprit to be beaten in their presence, and that the number of stripes...
STRISCHOW, ELIEZER – See Fischel, Eliezer b. Isaac.
STROPHIC FORMS IN THE OLD TESTAMENT – Inflicting Stripes in a Dutch Synagogue of the Early Eighteenth Century.(From Pleart.)The strophe may be defined as a union of several lines into one rhythmic whole. Certain evidence points to the occurrence of strophic...
STROUSBERG, BETHEL HENRY (BARUCH HIRSCH) – German railway contractor; born at Neidenburg, East Prussia, Nov. 20, 1823; died at Berlin June 1, 1884. After an unsuccessful business career in London he emigrated to America, and for some time taught languages at New Orleans....
STROUSE, MYER (MEYER STRAUSS) – American lawyer and politician; born in Germany Dec. 16, 1825. In 1832 his parents emigrated to the United States and settled in Pottsville, Pa. He studied law, and after he had been admitted to the bar founded (1848) the "North...
STRUCK, HERMANN – German painter; born at Berlin March 6, 1876. He was originally destined for a rabbinical career, but soon showed marked talent for drawing and painting, whereupon he entered the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied for...
STUDENZKI, MOSES – Polish physician; born in the early part of the nineteenth century at Zbarasz, Galicia, where his father, Aaron Polak, was rabbi; died at Warsaw about 1876. Until he was fourteen Studenzki studied Hebrew and Talmud under his...
STUHLWEISSENBURG – Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Coronation city of the Hungarian kings from the time of St. Stephen to 1527. As early as the fourteenth century it contained the most influential Jewish community of Hungary; and because of...
STUTTGART – German city, and capital of the kingdom of Württemberg. The first historical mention of Stuttgart dates from the administration of Eberhard the Illustrious (1265-1325, and to a somewhat later period belongs the earliest mention...
STYRIA – Indications of Early Jewish Settlements. Austrian province. The first documentary mention of Jews in Styria occurs in connection with the village of Judenburg under date of 1075 (Peinlich, "Judenburg und das Heilige...
SUASSO – Spanish family, with branches in Holland and England. The following are the more important members (in chronological order):Antonio (Isaac) Lopez Suasso: Resident of The Hague. For services rendered to King Charles II. of Spain,...
SUBBOTNIKI – One of the Russian rationalistic bodies known under the general name of "Judaizing sects" (see Judaizing Heresy). On the whole, the Subbotniki differ but little from the other Judaizing societies. They first appeared in the...