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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ILLIBERIS – See Elvira.
ILLINOIS – One of the Central States of the United States of America; admitted to the Union Dec. 3, 1818. The Jewish pioneer of Illinois prior to its admission as a state was John Hays. He was sheriff of St. Clair county 1798-1818, and was...
ILLOWY, BERNHARD – American rabbi; born at Kolin, Bohemia, 1814; died near Cincinnati, Ohio, June 22, 1871. He was descended from a family of Talmudists, his great-grandfather, Jacob Illowy, having been rabbi of Kolin. He studied in his native...
ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPTS – See Manuscripts.
ILLUSTRA GUERTA DE HISTORIA – See Periodicals.
ILLUSTRATING OF HEBREW MANUSCRIPTS – See Manuscripts.
ILLUSTRIRTE JUDENZEITUNG – See Periodicals.
ILLUSTRIRTE MONATSHEFTE FÜR DIE GESAMMTEN INTERESSEN DES JUDENTHUMS – See Periodicals.
ILLUSTRIRTE WIENER JÜDISCHE PRESSE – See Periodicals.
IMAGES – See Worship, Idol.
IMBER, NAPHTALI HERZ – Austrian Hebrew poet; born at Zloczow, Galicia, in 1856. After the usual Talmudic training he began his wandering life by journeying to Vienna and Constantinople. At the latter place he met Laurence Oliphant, with whom he spent...
IMMA SHALOM – Wife of Eliezer ben Hyrcanus and sister of Gamaliel II. Of her early life but little is known. She was probably brought up under the care of her brother, and is therefore sometimes cited as his daughter ( , Sanh. 39a; see...
IMMANUEL – This name occurs only thrice in the Bible, in Isa. vii. 14 and viii. 8, 10 (in the last-cited verse the rendering "God is with us" is given in the English versions). According to the Targum Yerushalmi, "Immanuel" in the first...
IMMANUEL B. JACOB OF TARASCON – See Bonfils, Immanuel ben Jacob.
IMMANUEL BEN JEKUTHIEL OF BENEVENTO – Grammarian and corrector for the press at Mantua; lived in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was connected with the printing establishments of Meïr Sofer ben Ephraim of Padua and Jacob ben Naphtali ha-Kohen of Gazolo,...
IMMANUEL, SIEGMUND (SOLOMON JACOB) – German philologist; born at Hamburg Sept. 4, 1792; died at Minden Dec. 28, 1847. Educated at the gymnasium of Altona and later at Hamburg, he embraced Christianity in 1809. He then studied theology and philology at the...
IMMANUEL B. SOLOMON B. JEKUTHIEL – Italian scholar, satirical poet, and the most interesting figure among the Jews of Italy; born at Rome c. 1270; died probably at Fermo c. 1330. He was a member of an important and wealthy family, and occupied a very prominent...
IMMIGRATION – See Migration.
IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL – The belief that the soul continues its existence after the dissolution of the body is a matter of philosophical or theological speculation rather than of simple faith, and is accordingly nowhere expressly taught in Holy...
IMMOVABLE PROPERTY – See Real Estate.
IMPLIED CONTRACT – See Contract.
IMPRISONMENT – Imprisonment as a punishment for crime is not known in Mosaic law. The few apparent cases mentioned in the Pentateuch (Lev. xxiv. 12; Num. xv. 34) refer in fact to the temporary detention of the criminal until sentence could be...
IMPURITY – See Carcass; Clean and Unclean Animals; Purity.
INCANTATION – The invocation of magical powers. All peoples, civilized as well as savage, have believed and still believe in magical influences and effects. The chief means of harming or of protecting from harm was the utterance of some word...
INCARNATION – See Logos.