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ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN ḤAYYIM – Dayyan and ḥazzan at Posen toward the end of the seventeenth century. Under the title "Sefer Or Yashar" he edited (Amsterdam, 1709) an Ashkenazic ritual, to which he appended notes of his own, various commentaries collected from...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN ISAAC JACOB – Shoḥeṭ at Cracow in the sixteenth century; a pupil of Moses Isserles. He was the author of "Haggahot le-Sefer Sheḥiṭah u-Bediḳah" (Cracow, 1631; n. p. 1723; Amsterdam, 1745; Zolkiev, 1793), annotations appended to Jacob Weil's...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN JOSEPH BEN ẒEBI HA-KOHEN – Polish Talmudist of the seventeenth century; studied for some time at Cracow under Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller. He was the author of "Naḥalat Ẓebi" (Venice, 1661), a commentary on Joseph Caro's Shulḥan 'Aruk, Eben ha-'Ezer, and of...
ẒEBI HIRSCH B. SIMON – Lithuanian Talmudist; lived in the middle of the eighteenth century. He was dayyan and preacher in the community of Vitebsk during the rabbinates of R. Isaiah and R. Löb, and was known as one of the first Talmudic authorities in...
ZEBID – 1. Babylonian amora of the fourth century; a contemporary of Abaye, whose halakot he transmitted, and of whom he was perhaps a pupil (Ber. 46b; Soṭah 32b; et passim), Zebid also transmitted the halakot of Raba and R. Naḥman (B....
ZEBU'IM – See Hypocrisy.
ZEBULUN – The sixth son of Leah (Gen. xxx. 20), and hence the name of the tribe descended from him (Num. i. 9, vii. 24, x. 16; Ps. lxviii. 28 [A. V. 27]). In the division of the land Zebulun was assigned districts north of Issachar (Josh....
ZECHARIAH – One of the Minor Prophets, to whom is attributed the collection of prophecies and apocalyptic visions constituting the book bearing his name. He was a son of Berechiah and a grandson of Iddo (Zech. i. 1), and was loosely called...
ZECHARIAH, BOOK OF – Biblical Data: Prophetical book composed of fourteen chapters; the eleventh in the order of the Minor Prophets, following Haggai and preceding Malachi. Ch. i.-viii. comprise three prophecies: (1) an introduction (i. 1-6); (2) a...
ZECHARIAH BEN ABḲILUS (Amphikalos) – Palestinian scholar and one of the leaders of the Zealots; lived in Jerusalem at the time of the destruction of the Second Temple. According to the Talmud, the authority which he enjoyed among the rabbis of Jerusalem was the...
ZECHARIAH BEN JEHOIADA – Biblical Data: A reforming priest who lived under King Joash of Judah. He reproved the idolaters, announcing God's judgment against them; and a conspiracy was formed against him that resulted in his being stoned in the court of...
ZECHARIAH HA-KOHEN – Greek or Turkish Biblical commentator and liturgical poet of the fifteenth century; maternal grandfather of Menahem ben Moses Tamar. According to the latter ("Tanḥumot El," ch. x.), Zechariah wrote a pamphlet("ḳonṭres") in which...
ZECHARIAH MENDEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – Polish Talmudist of the eighteenth century; a native of Cracow, and in later life chief rabbi and head of the yeshibah at Belz, Galicia. He was the author of "Be'er Heṭeb," a well-known commentary on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Yoreh...
ZECHARIAH MENDEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – Galician and German preacher and scholar; born at Podhaice in the early part of the eighteenth century; died at Frankfort-on-the-Oder Dec. 20, 1791. He was of the same family as Solomon Luria and Moses Isserles, who traced their...
ZECHARIAH IBN SA'ID AL-YAMANI – Author of an Arabic version of the "Yosippon"; flourished in the tenth or eleventh century. His version exists in three recensions: (1) in several manuscripts which yet await thorough examination; (2) an abbreviated text printed...
ZECHARIAH BEN SOLOMON ZEBSIL – German Talmudist of the sixteenth century; rabbi of the Ashkenazic community at Jerusalem, where he died. He was the father-in-law of Joseph Caro, who speaks of him as of one well versed in rabbinics (Joseph Caro, "Abḳat Rokel,"...
ẒEDAḲAH BOX – A receptacle in which voluntary charitable contributions are deposited. Theearliest mention of such a device is in connection with Jehoiada the priest, who prepared a chest with a hole in the lid and placed it beside the altar...
ẒEDEḲ, JOSEPH KOHEN- – Austro-English rabbinical scholar and preacher; born in Lemberg 1827; died in London 1903. His family claimed to trace its ancestry back to the exilarchs through Solomon Luria and Moses Isserles. Ẓedeḳ was instructed by Joseph...