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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LONG BRANCH – See New Jersey.
LONGO, SAADIA BEN ABRAHAM – Turkish Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople about the middle of the sixteenth century. A manuscript in the Bodleian Library (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 1986) contains a collection of Longo's poems on various...
LONZANO, ABRAHAM BEN RAPHAEL DE – Austrian grammarian; lived at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was baptized at Idstein and took the name of Wilhelm Heinrich Neumann. His Hebrew grammar, "Ḳinyan Abraham," was published in Zolkiev in 1723 (De le Roi,...
LONZANO, MENAHEM BEN JUDAH BEN MENAHEM DE – Palestinian Masoretic and midrashic scholar, lexicographer, and poet; died after 1608 in Jerusalem. His nativity is unknown, but it has been supposed that he was born in Italy. According to Jellinek, who identified Lonzano ( or...
LOOKING-GLASS – See Mirror.
LOPEZ – A family of Sephardic Jews several of whom were distinguished for scholarly attainments.Eliahu Lopez: Dutch ḥakam of the seventeenth century. He received his rabbinical education, together with Isaac Nieto and others, in the...
LOPEZ, SIR MANASSEH MASSEH – English politician; born in Jamaica Jan. 22, 1755; died at Maristow House, Devonshire, 1831; descended from ancient Sephardic stock. Both he and his father, Mordecai Rodriguez Lopez, became converts to Christianity in 1802. In...
LOPEZ, RODRIGO – Court physician to Queen Elizabeth; born in Portugal about 1525; executed June 7, 1594, for having attempted to poison the queen. He settled in London in 1559, and in 1571 was residing in the parish of St. Peter le Poer....
LOPEZ-LAGUNA – See Laguna.
LOPEZ ROSA – Portuguese Marano family of Lisbon, which owned a printing establishment there in 1647.Duarte Lopez Rosa: Physician; born at Beja. Duarte was condemned by the Inquisition at Lisbon (Oct. 10, 1723) as an adherent of Judaism.Moses...
LORD'S PRAYER, THE – Name given by the Christian world to the prayer which Jesus taught his disciples (Matt. vi. 9-13; Luke xi. 1-4). According to Luke the teaching of the prayer was suggested by one of Jesus' disciples who, on seeing him holding...
LORD'S SUPPER – Name taken from I Cor. xi. 20, and given by the Christian world to the rite known as the eucharist, the partaking of the cup of wine and the bread offered in memory of Jesus' death and brought into connection with the story of...
LORIA – See Luria.
LORIA, ACHILLE – Italian political economist; born at Mantua March 2, 1857; educated at the lyceum of his native city and the universities of Bologna, Pavia, Rome, Berlin, and London. He became professor of political economy in the University of...
LORIA, GINO – Italian mathematician; born at Mantua May 19, 1862; educated at the Mantua lyceum and at the University of Turin, becoming doctor of mathematics in 1884. The same year he was appointed demonstrator in mathematics in the...
LORKI, IBN VIVES – See Ibn Vives Allorqui.
LORM, HIERONYMUS – See Landesmann, Heinrich.
LORRAINE – See Metz.
LOS ANGELES – Commercial and manufacturing city in the state of California; situated on the left bank of the river of the same name, and about 14 miles from the Pacific Ocean. Jews first settled in Los Angeles in 1849; and they increased in...
LOST PROPERTY – See Finder of Property.
LOT – Biblical Data: Son of Haran, Abraham's brother, and, consequently, nephew of Abraham; emigrated with his grandfather, Terah, from Ur of the Chaldees to Haran (Gen. xi. 31). Lot joined Abraham in the land of Canaan, and in the...
LOTS – Means of determining chances. Primitive peoples, and occasionally those on a higher plane of culture, resort to lots for the purposes of augury. They spin a coconut or entangle strips of leather in order to obtain an omen....
LOTTERIES – See Gambling.
LOUISVILLE – See Kentucky.
LOUSADA (OF PEAK HOUSE) – Name of a family that has held for many generations large possessions in Jamaica. A member of the family was created Duke de Lousada and Marquis di San Miniato. It is the only Jewish family that has held so exalted a title. Its...