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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KANITZ, AUGUST – Hungarian botanist; born April 25, 1843, at Lugos; died July 12, 1896, at Klausenburg. While a student at the University of Vienna he wrote "Geschichte der Botanik in Ungarn" (Hanover and Budapest, 1863), and soon after,...
KANITZ, FELIX PHILIPP – Hungarian archeologist and ethnographer; born at Budapest Aug. 2, 1829; died at Vienna Jan. 8, 1904. When only seventeen years of age he entered the University of Vienna, where he studied art. After 1850 he traveled extensively...
KANN, EDOUARD – French musician; born at Paris Feb. 28, 1857; pupil of Massenet and Duvernoy. In 1895, at Lyons, he produced "Ruth," an oratorio. This was followed by "Gaitanne," a two-act opera (1898), and "Maritorne," a one-act comic opera....
KANN, MOSES – German rabbi; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died there Dec. 1, 1762; son of Löb Kann. He was chief rabbi of Hesse-Darmstadt and head of the Talmudical school at Frankfort, which had been founded and richly endowed by his...
ḲANNA'IM – See Zealots.
KANSAS – One of the northern central states of the United States; admitted to the Union in 1861. In 1830 immigrants settled in a spot which they named "Kansas City." It is supposed that Jews also settled there at an early date; and they...
KANSAS CITY – See Missouri.
KANSI, SAMUEL – French astronomer of the fourteenth century. The surname "Kansi" ( ) is an incorrectly formed adjective of the Hebrew noun "keneset" ( ), and is the equivalent of "D'Escola" ( ), a name borne by severalProvençal Jews. Kansi...
KANTOR, JUDAH LÖB B. JOSEPH – Russian journalist; born in Wilna 1849; government rabbi of Libau, Courland. For a short time he studied at the rabbinical school of Wilna and later at that of Jitomir, where he graduated as teacher. He also studied medicine in...
KANTOR, DER JÜDISCHE, Wochenblatt für die Gesammt-Interessen Aller Kantoren und Cultusbeamten – Weekly; published at Bromberg, Prussia, beginning in 1879. Its editor is A. Blaustein, the founder of the German Israelitish Cantors' Society. It deals with matters of interest to cantors (ḥazzanim), and contains articles on...
KAPLAN, ABRAHAM – Russian Hebrew writer; born at Wilke July 25, 1839; died at Vienna Feb. 2, 1897. Having acquired a reputation as a good Hebrew writer at home, he removed to Vienna, where he followed the profession of a publicist until his...
KAPLAN, JACQUES – Russian painter and designer; born at Sebastopol July 19, 1872. He went to Paris, and in 1885 entered the Paris Ecole des Arts Décoratifs, and, three years later, the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Kaplan was a pupil of Bonnat, and in...
KAPLAN, WOLF HA-KOHEN – Russian teacher and Hebrew poet; born at Trishki, government of Kovno, in 1826; died at Riga June 14, 1888; pupil of M. A. Ginzburg. Kaplan was an able educator, and his school at Riga became the model for all the Jewish...
KAPOSI(V07p435002.jpg),ḤAYYIM – Dayyan in Egypt about 1600. He became known later as the "Ba'al ha-Nes," through a miracle which is said to have happened to him. He became blind. Some time afterward, being suspected of having taken bribes, he called upon...
KAPÓSI (KOHN), MORIZ – Austrian dermatologist; born at Kaposvár, Hungary, Oct. 23, 1837; died March 6, 1902. After graduating (M.D., 1861) from the university at Vienna, he settled there as a physician. He became privat-docent in 1866; assistant...
KAPPARAH – An animal used as a sort of vicarious sacrifice on the day previous to the Day of Atonement. As a rule, a cock is taken by a male, and a hen by a female person, and after the recitation of Ps. cvii. 17-20 and Job xxxiii. 23-24...
KAPPER, SIEGFRIED – Austrian poet and physician; born at Smichow near Prague, March 21, 1821; died at Pisa June 7, 1879; educated at the gymnasium and University of Prague, and at the University of Vienna (Ph.D. 1847). Starting in life as a...
ḲARA, ABIGDOR BEN ISAAC – Bohemian cabalist and liturgical poet; died at Prague April 10, 1439. He lived for a time at Ratisbon, but settled permanently at Prague after 1409. Ḳara enjoyed a high reputation and associated with King Wenceslaus, who liked...
ḲARA, ABRAHAM BEN ABIGDOR – Bohemian chief rabbi, rosh yeshibah, and liturgist; died at Prague Oct. 7, 1542. He wrote a super-commentary on Rashi to the Pentateuch, mentioned by David Gans ("Ẓemaḥ Dawid," p. 44a); and glosses to the "Ṭur Oraḥ Ḥayyim" (see...
ḲARA, JOSEPH BEN SIMEON – French Bible exegete; lived in Troyes, where, probably, he was born about 1060-70; died between 1130 and 1140. His uncle and teacher was Menahem benḤelbo, whom Ḳara often cites in his commentaries, these quotations being almost...
ḲARA, MENAHEM BEN JACOB – Bohemian scholar; flourished at Prague in the first half of the fifteenth century. He was a near relative, perhaps a half-brother, of Abigdor ben Isaac Ḳara, whom he quotes in his writings as "my brother." Ḳara was the author of...
ḲARA, SIMEON – French rabbi; lived in Mans in the eleventh century; brother of Menahem ben Ḥelbo and father of Joseph Ḳara. For the meaning of his surname see Ḳara, Joseph. Isaac de Lattes, in his "Ḳiryat Sefer," counts Ḳara among the...
KARAITES AND KARAISM – The Karaites ( ) = "Followers of the Bible") were a Jewish sect, professing, in its religious observances and opinions, to follow the Bible to the exclusion of rabbinical traditions and laws. But Karaism in fact adopted a large...
KARAMZIN, W. M – See Russia.
KAREIS, JOSEF – Austrian electrician and deputy; born at Semic, Bohemia, Feb. 14, 1837; studied at the technical institute in Prague. From 1858 till 1896 he was in the service of the state, first in the department for triangular survey in Tyrol...