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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KARET – See Excommunication.
KARFUNKEL, AARON BEN JUDAH LÖB HA-KOHEN – Bohemian rabbi. After having successively filled the rabbinates of Gawartschew, Lask, Dasparschi, and Widowa, he was called in 1801 to Nachod, where he remained until 1806. Karfunkel was the author of "She'eltot ABiYaH,"...
KARFUNKELSTEIN, SIEGFRIED – German soldier; born at Beuthen, Silesia, Feb. 21,1848; died on the field of battle at Le Bourget Oct. 30, 1870. He volunteered in 1866 and went through the Six Weeks' war. In the Franco-Prussian war he distinguished himself so...
KARGAU, MENDEL – German Talmudist; born 1772 at Prostibor, Bohemia; died 1842 at Fürth. He was a disciple of Ezekiel Landau in Prague and of Phinehas Horwitz in Frankfort-on-the-Main. He lived for some years in Paris, where he was in business as...
KARIGEL – See Carregal.
KARLIN – See Pinsk.
KARLSBAD – Town in Bohemia; famous for its mineral springs; first made popular by the emperor Charles IV. in 1350. When King Ladislaus II. confirmed, in 1499, the privilege granted to the town by Charles IV., he added, "as an especial...
KARLSRUHE (CARLSRUHE) – German city; capital of the grand duchy of Baden. Jews began to settle there soon after its foundation (1715) by Margrave Carl Wilhelm of Baden-Durlach; they were attracted by the numerous privileges granted by its founder to...
KARLSTADT – See Croatia.
KÁRMÁN, MORITZ – Hungarian educator; born Dec. 25, 1843, at Szegedin. He was brought up under the influence of Leopold Löw. While preparing for the rabbinical career he studied philosophy and philology at the University of Budapest (Ph.D. 1866)....
KARMEL, HA- – See Periodicals.
KARMI – Family name, the Biblical "Carmi" (Num. xxvi. 6); it was used, according to Gross, as a gentilic adjective to the French "Crémieu" or "Crémieux" (= "Kerem Ṭob"), name of a county of the department of Isère, where many Jews were...
ḲARMION (ḲIRMION) – One of the four principal rivers of Palestine (Yer. Kil. ix. 5; Yer. Ket. xii. 3; B. B. 74b). Owing to its small tributaries, its water is turbid and consequently unfit for sacrificial use (Parah viii. 10; comp. Tos. to B. B....
KARP, SOFIA – Rumanian Jewish actress; born at Galatz, Rumania, 1861; died in New York March 31, 1904; the first actress to appear on the Yiddish stage. She made her début in 1877, in Goldfaden's "Die Bobe mit'n Enikel," and soon won...
KARPELES, ELIEZER – Austrian rabbi; born at Prague about 1754; died April 27, 1832, at Lieben, near Prague. For nearly forty years he was district rabbi of Kaurzim, with residence at Lieben. Karpeles was the author of "Me-Abne ha-Maḳom," novellæ,...
KARPELES, GUSTAV – Historian of literature; editor; son of Elijah Karpeles; born Nov. 11, 1848, at Eiwanowitz, Moravia; studied at the University of Breslau, where he attended also the Jewish theological seminary. He embraced the profession of...
KAṢABI (V07p451001.jpg), JOSEPH BEN NISSIM – Turkish Talmudist of the seventeenth century; died between 1696 and 1698. In 1650 he is mentioned as a distinguished dayyan ("Pene Mosheh," ii., § 77). He seems to have been a pupil of Joseph Trani (Responsa, No. 1), and his...