German soldier; born at Beuthen, Silesia, Feb. 21,1848; died on the field of battle at Le Bourget Oct. 30, 1870. He volunteered in 1866 and went through the Six Weeks' war. In the Franco-Prussian war he distinguished himself so conspicuously that on Oct. 28, 1870, he was decorated with the Iron Cross of the second class. Two days later he was mortally wounded while rescuing the regimental flag from the hands of the enemy. He was, however, able to hand it to General Budrisky.
- Juden als Soldaten, 1897, p. 104.