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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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OPHEL – See Jerusalem.
OPHIR – District first mentioned in the Old Testament as a Joktanite or south-Arabian tribe (Gen. x. 29 et seq.), and later as the port of destination of Solomon's fleet. The earliest reference to Ophir in this connection is in I Kings...
OPHITES – Collective name for several Gnostic sects which regarded the serpent (Greek, ὄφις; Hebrew, "naḥash"; hence called also Naasseni) as the image of creative wisdom. Such sects existed within Judaism probably even before the rise of...
OPHRAH – 1. A town in Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 23) situated, according to Eusebius, five miles northeast of Beth-el, and probably identical with the modern Al-Ṭaiyyibah. According to I Sam. xiii. 17, it must have been a few miles north of...
OPPELN – City in Prussian Silesia. Although the first explicit reference to Jews at Oppeln belongs to the fourteenth century, and the Jews' street is not mentioned until a century later, they doubtless settled there at an earlier date;...
OPPENHEIM – German town in the province of Rhein-Hessen. The earliest documents relating to Jews in Oppenheim date back to the thirteenth century. Unlike their coreligionists in other parts of Germany, the Jews of Oppenheim in the Middle...
OPPENHEIM – German family, probably originating in the town of that name. Its best-known members are:Bernhard (Issachar Baer) Oppenheim: Austrian rabbi; born at Strassnitz, Moravia, about 1790; died at Eibenschütz Dec. 26, 1859. He received...
OPPENHEIM, ABRAHAM – German rabbi; born at Mannheim; died at Hanover Nov. 2, 1786; son of Löb Oppenheim. He was for many years prebendary in the Klaus of Mannheim, whence he was called in the same capacity to Amsterdam and subsequently to Hanover,...
OPPENHEIM, ABRAHAM – Communal leader; born at Worms; died at Heidelberg Dec. 2, 1692; son of Simon Wolf Oppenheim, brother of Samuel Oppenheim, court factor of Vienna, and father of David Oppenheim. He was called also Abraham "zur Kanne," in...
OPPENHEIM, ABRAHAM ḤAYYIM – Rabbi at Péczel, Hungary, where he died at the age of twenty-eight, before 1825. He was the author of "Har Ebel" (Lemberg, 1824), ritual regulations on visiting the sick, mourning customs, etc., and of a treatise entitled...
OPPENHEIM, ASHER ANSHEL – Talmudist; lived at Dessau at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He was the author of "Dibre Asher" (part i., "Miktab Ḥarbot Ẓurim"), treatise on circumcision (Dessau, 1804).Bibliography: Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, p. 156;...
OPPENHEIM, DAVID BEN ABRAHAM – Austrian rabbi, cabalist, liturgist, mathematician, and bibliophile; born at Worms 1664; died at Prague Sept. 12, 1736. After studying at Metz under Gershon Oulif, Oppenheim married Genendel, the daughter of Leffmann Behrends...
OPPENHEIM, HEINRICH BERNHARD – German jurist, economist, and deputy; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main July 20, 1819; died at Berlin March 29, 1880. He was the son of a wealthy jeweler, and the grandson of Gumpel, the rich Hamburg banker. He studied law at...
OPPENHEIM, HERMANN – German physician; born at Berlin Jan. 1, 1858. He studied medicine at the universities of Göttingen and Bonn, taking his degree in 1881. Settling in Berlin, he became assistant at the Maison de Santé in the hospital for...
OPPENHEIM, JACQUES – Dutch barrister; born at Gröningen March 3, 1849. Educated at the gymnasium and university of his native town, he was graduated in 1872 as LL.D., and became teacher at the gymnasium there. This position he resigned in 1873, upon...
OPPENHEIM, LEO PAUL – German naturalist; born in Berlin May 28, 1863. After graduating from the Königliche Französische Gymnasium of that city in 1882, he studied natural sciences, especially zoology and geology, at Heidelberg and Berlin, taking his...
OPPENHEIM, LEWIS – English physician; born in London Dec., 1832; died there Jan. 7, 1895. He studied for the medical profession, entering as a student at the London Hospital in 1850. In 1853 he went to the Crimea, and was attached to the medical...
OPPENHEIM, MORITZ DANIEL – German genre- and portrait-painter; born of Orthodox parents at Hanau in 1801; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Feb. 26, 1882. He received his first lessons in painting from Westermayer, in Hanau, and entered the Munich Academy of...
OPPENHEIM, MORRIS SIMEON – English lawyer; born in London 1824; died there Jan. 3, 1883; son of Simeon Oppenheim, secretary of the Great Synagogue. He became secretary to the Jews' and General Literary Institution (Sussex Hall), and while acting in this...
OPPENHEIM, SIMON BEN DAVID – Austrian plagiarist; born in Kromau, Moravia, 1753; died at Pest, where he was dayyan, Jan. 24, 1851. He seems to have pursued his studies in Prague, where he lived at the end of the eighteenth century. There he published a book...
OPPENHEIMER, SIR CHARLES – British consul-general at Frankfort-on-the-Main; born at Nastätten, Nassau, 1836; died at Frankfort June 21, 1900. He received his education in the latter city, and, emigrating to London at the age of eighteen, established...
OPPENHEIMER, FRANZ – German physician and writer; born at Berlin March 30, 1864. His father, Julius Oppenheimer, is rabbi of the Berlin Reform Congregation. He studied medicine at the universities of Freiburg and Berlin (1881-86), and was graduated...
OPPENHEIMER, JOSEPH SÜSS – German financier; born at Heidelberg in 1698; executed at Stuttgart Feb. 4, 1738. He was the son of R. Issachar Süsskind Oppenheimer, a singer and leader of a wandering troupe of singers and players, and of Michele, daughter of...
OPPENHEIMER, SAMUEL – German banker, imperial court factor, and diplomat; born at Heidelberg about 1635; died at Vienna May 3, 1703. He enjoyed the especial favor of Emperor Leopold I., to whom he advanced considerable sums of money for the Turkish...
OPPER, FREDERICK BURR – American political caricaturist; born at Madison, Lake County, Ohio, Jan. 2, 1857. He attended school until fourteen years of age and then worked for a short time in a newspaper office. In 1873 he went to New York, where,...