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HAARBLEICHER, MOSES M. – German author; born in Hamburg Nov. 14, 1797; died there Sept. 25, 1869. Following the example of his father, the founder of the Jewish School of Hamburg, and under the influence of his guardian, the father of Gabriel Riesser,...
HAAS, ROBERT – German Lutheran minister; lived in the first half of the nineteenth century, in the duchy of Nassau; pastor in the villages of Grävenwiesbach, Dotzheim near Wiesbaden, Dickschied near Langenschwalbach. He was interested in...
HAAS, SIMḤAH BEN JOSHUA – Traveler and preacher; born in Dobrowitz, Bohemia, 1710; died in Brahilov 1768. He was father-in-law to Solomon Dubno, and was a preacher in Brahilov. In 1764 he wrote an account of his journey to Palestine, "Ahabat Ẓiyyon" or...
HAAS, SOLOMON BEN JEKUTHIEL – Moravian rabbi of the first half of the nineteenth century. Haas was successively dayyan at Holleschau and rabbi of Strassnitz, Moravia. He was the author of "Kerem Shelomoh," novellæ on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, Yoreh...
HA-ASIF – Hebrew year-book, edited and published by Nahum Sokolow in Warsaw. Its first volume (5645) appeared in 1884; it continued to appear regularly every year until 1889, when the fifth volume (5649) came out at the end instead of at...
HABAIAH – Head of a family of priests who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel; not being able to prove their genealogy, they were excluded from the priesthood (Ezra ii. 61; Neh. vii. 63). In I Esd. v. 38 the name is given as "Obdia."E....
HABAKKUK – Prophet; author of the eighth in the collection of the twelve minor prophetical books. The etymology of the name of the prophet is not clear. It seems to be a loan-word representing the Assyrian "hambaḳûḳu," a garden-plant...
HABAKKUK, BOOK OF – Contents. —Biblical Data: One of the twelve minor prophetical books. It readily falls into two parts: (1) ch. i. and ii.; (2) ch. iii. The first part is a "massa" (a condemnatory prophecy). But contrary to the usage in other...
ḤABAR – See Zoroastrianism.
HABAZINIAH – The head of a family of Rechabites. His grandson Jaazaniah was a chief of the Rechabites in the time of Jeremiah (Jer. xxxv. 3).E. G. H. M. Sel.
ḤABAẒẒELET – See Periodicals.
HABDALAH – The rabbinical term for the benedictions and prayers by means of which a division is made between times of varying degrees of holiness, e.g., between Sabbath and work-day, festival and work-day, or Sabbath and festival. The...
ḤABER – Scholar" in General. Term ordinarily used in rabbinical lore in its original Biblical sense, "companion," "friend" (Ps. cxix. 63; Ab. ii. 9, 10). A Talmudic proverb says, "Thy ḥaber has a ḥaber, and thy ḥaber's ḥaber has a...
HABER, SOLOMON VON – German banker; born at Breslau Nov. 3, 1760; died Feb. 20, 1839. The son of poor parents, he rose to a position of wealth and eminence by his talents and energy. He settled at Carlsruhe during the stormy years at the end of the...
HABERKASTEN, KALMAN (KALONYMUS) – Polish rabbi of the sixteenth century. He is the first known rabbi of the city of Ostrog, Volhynia, where he settled after having previously presided over a yeshibah in Lemberg. His daughter Lipka married Solomon Luria, who...
ḤABIB, JACOB (BEN SOLOMON) IBN – Spanish Talmudist; born at Zamora about 1460; died at Salonica 1516. In his youth Ḥabib studied the Talmud under R. Samuel Valensi. In 1492, when the Jews were expelled from Spain, he settled at Salonica, where he wrote his "'En...
ḤABIB, JOSEPH IBN – Spanish Talmudist; flourished in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Like his predecessor, R. Nissim b. Reuben (RaN), Ibn Ḥabib wrotea commentary on the halakot of Isaac Alfasi, entitled "Nimmuḳe Yosef," published with the...
ḤABIB, LEVI BEN JACOB IBN – Rabbi of Jerusalem; born at Zamora, Spain, about 1480; died at Jerusalem about 1545. Under King Manuel of Portugal, and when about seventeen, he was compelled to submit to baptism, but at the first opportunity fled to Salonica,...
ḤABIB, MOSES IBN – Palestinian rabbi of the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Jacob Ḥagiz, one of whose daughters he married. He wrote: "Geṭ Pashuṭ," on the laws of divorce, Ortakeni, 1714; "Shammot ba-Areẓ," Talmudic novellæ;...
ḤABIB, MOSES B. SHEM-ṬOB IBN – Hebrew grammarian, poet, translator, and philosopher of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Being a native of Lisbon, he called himself "Sefardi"; but he left his native country long before the expulsion of the Jews. He lived...
ḤABILLO (XABILLO), ELIJAH BEN JOSEPH (MAESTRO MANOEL) – Spanish philosopher; lived at Monzon, Aragon, in the second half of the fifteenth century. He was an admirer of the Christian scholastics, and studied Latin in order to translate into Hebrew some of their works, especially those...
ḤABILLO (CHAVILLO), ELISHA BEN SOLOMON – Venetian Talmudist of the eighteenth century; descendant of a prominent Palestinian family. Judah Chavillo is mentioned as a renowned Talmudist in the responsa "Darke No'am" (iii. 39) of Mordecai Levi of Cairo. Elisha was a...
ḤABILLO, SIMON BEN JUDAH BEN DAVID – Rabbi at Hebron in the middle of the seventeenth century; contemporary of Moses Zacuto, who approved his works. Ḥabillo was the author of: "Ḥebel ben Yehudah," a commentary on the Haggadah of Passover, Mantua, 1694; and "Ḥeleḳ...
HABINENU – Initial word, also the name, of a prayer containing in abridged form the Eighteen Benedictions (see Shemoneh 'Esreh), minus the first three and the closing three (see Liturgy). The prayer was formulated by Samuel of Nehardea, to...
HA-BOḲER OR – See Periodicals.