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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ḤAGIZ, SAMUEL BEN JACOB BEN SAMUEL, OF FEZ – Father of Jacob Ḥagiz and grand-father of Moses Ḥagiz; according to an epitaph, died in 1634. He edited Solomon Duran's "Tif'eret Yisrael" about 1596, and wrote: "Debar Shemu'el," a haggadic commentary, especially on Deuteronomy...
HAGUE, THE – See Netherlands.
HAHIROTH – See Pi-Hahiroth.
HAHN, AUGUST – German theologian and Orientalist; born at Grossosterhausen, Saxony, March 27, 1792; died in Silesia May 13, 1863. He studied theology and Oriental languages at Leipsic, devoting special attention to Syriac. His treatise on...
HAHN, JOSEPH YUSPA NÖRDLINGER (JOSEPH BEN PHINEHAS NÖRDLINGEN) – German rabbi; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in the latter half of the sixteenth century; died there April 3, 1637. He received a good education from his father, the learned rabbi Seligmann. The name "Hahn," as his grandson,...
HAI BEN DAVID – Dayyan, and later gaon in Pumbedita from 890 to 897. He is mentioned in Isaac ibn Ghayyat's "Halakot," in connection with the curious Bagdad custom of reciting the "'Abodah" on the morning of the Day of Atonement, which custom...
HAI BEN NAHSHON – Gaon of Sura (889-896) and president of the school of Nehardea. He was, according to a manuscript in the Vatican Library, the author of opinions on many Talmudical tractates. He protested against reciting "Kol Nidre" (Rosh, on...
HAI BEN SHERIRA – Gaon of Pumbedita; born in 939; died March 28, 1038. He received his Talmudic education from his father, Sherira, and in early life acted as his assistant in teaching (Schechter, "Saadyana," p. 118). In his forty-fourth year he...
HA-'IBRI – See Periodicals.
HAIDA, ABRAHAM BEN SIMEON – Printer in Prague between 1612 and 1628; son of Simeon Haida. In 1610, with Moses Uṭiẓ and Gershon Popers, he assisted in the printing of Samuel Laniado's "Keli Ḥemdah." In 1612 he was associated with Moses Uṭiẓ in the printing...
HAIDA, MOSES BEN JOSEPH – German mathematician; lived at Hamburg in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was a grandson of Samuel Haida, author of "Ziḳḳuḳin de-Nura." He was the author of "Sefer Ma'aseh Ḥarash we-Ḥosheb," an arithmetic, written...
HAIDA, SAMUEL – Bohemian cabalistic author; died June 1, 1685, in Prague, where he was dayyan and preacher, and which was probably his native city. He edited the Tanna debe Eliyahu Rabbah with two commentaries and copious references (Prague,...
HAIDAMACKS – Russian brigand bands of the eighteenth century. The disorganized condition of Poland during the eighteenth century made it possible for the discontented peasants and Cossacks of the Greek Orthodox faith to make organized...
HAIFA – Pilgrimages. Syrian seaport, at the foot of Mount Carmel, and ten kilometers from Acre. Near Haifa are two grottos, one associated with the name of the prophet Elijah, the second with that of Elisha. In Biblical times this...
HAIL – Frozen rain falling in pellets of various sizes and shapes. The Hebrew words for "hail" are: , the most usual term: (Ezek. xiii. 11, 13; xxxviii. 22); and (Ps. lxxviii. 47), the meaning of which is only conjectural. Hailstones...
HAIM, ISRAEL BEHOR – Servian author; born at Belgrade, Servia. He left his home in 1813 in consequence of the invasion of the Dahjas, and settled at Vienna, where he edited the Ladino translation of the Bible, the daily prayers, and other ritual...
HAINDORF, ALEXANDER – German physician, writer, and philanthropist; born at Lenhausen, a village in Westphalia, May 12, 1784; died at Hamm Oct. 16, 1862. The son of poor parents, he went, after their early death, to his grandparents at Hamm, where,...