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HAI BEN NAHSHON:

Gaon of Sura (889-896) and president of the school of Nehardea. He was, according to a manuscript in the Vatican Library, the author of opinions on many Talmudical tractates. He protested against reciting "Kol Nidre" (Rosh, on Yoma, end; Ṭur Oraḥ Ḥayyim, 619; Kol Bo, § 68). His father, R. Nahshon, and grand-father, R. Zadok, were both geonim.

Bibliography:
  • Rechts-Gutachten der Geonen, ed. Cassel, p. 9;
  • Fürst, in Orient, Lit. x. 261;
  • Rapoport, in Bikkure ha-'Ittim, x. 37, xi. 82;
  • Steinschneider, Die Arabische Literatur,p. 101, note 1;
  • Neubauer, M. J. C. i. 39, 189;
  • Lands-huth, 'Ammude ha-'Abodah, i. 62;
  • Harkavy, Teshubot ha-Geonim, p. 384;
  • Halévy, Dorot ha-Rishonim, iii. 282;
  • see also Jew. Encyc. v. 571, s.v. Gaon.
E. C. M. Sc.
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