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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KALILAH WA-DIMNAH – Book of Indian fables which has been translated into most of the languages of the Old World. It appears to have been composed in India, about 300 C.E., as a Brahmin rival to the Buddhist fable-books, and includes variants of...
ḲALIR, ELEAZAR – Place and Date Doubtful. One of the earliest and the most prolific of the payyeṭanim or liturgical poets. In the acrostics of his hymns he usually signs his father's name , but three times he writes . Eleazar's name, home ( ),...
KALISCH, BERTHA – Austrian actress; born at Lemberg; made her début in 1893 at the Scarbeck Theater, Lemberg, in a minor rôle in "Mignon" (given in Polish), her success winning her an engagement shortly after at the Jewish theater there. She next...
KALISCH, DAVID – German playwright and humorist; born at Breslau Feb. 23, 1820; died at Berlin Aug. 21, 1872. His infancy and early childhood were spent in a home of comfort and culture; but when he was only seven years old his father died,...
KALISCH, ISIDOR – American rabbi and author; born Nov. 15, 1816, at Krotoschin; died May 11, 1886, at Newark, N. J.; studied theology, philosophy, and philology at the universities of Berlin, Breslau, and Prague. In consequence of giving public...
KALISCH, LUDWIG – German novelist; born Sept. 7, 1814, at Lissa; died March 3, 1882, at Paris. When only twelve years of age he left his home and became successively pedler, merchant, and teacher. He saved enough money to carry him through...
KALISCH, MARCUS M. – Hebraist and Bible commentator; born at Treptow, Pomerania, May 16, 1828; died in Derbyshire, England, Aug. 24, 1885. He was educated at Berlin University, where he studied classics, philology, and the Semitic languages, and at...
KALISCH, MOSES BEN BENJAMIN WOLF MESERITZ – Polish physician of the seventeenth century. He was the author of: "Yerushat Mosheh" (2 vols., Frankfort-on-the-Main and Wilmersdorf, 1677), a medical work in Judæo-German describing remedies for various diseases;and "Yarum...
KALISCH, PAUL – German singer; born at Berlin Nov. 6, 1855; son of David Kalisch, founder of the "Kladderadatsch." Kalisch was destined for an architeet's career, but at a gathering at the home of his brother-in-law Paul Lindau, where Kalisch...
KALISCHER, JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN ARYEH – Polish rabbi of the seventeenth century; died in 1713 at an advanced age. The name "Kalischer" indicates either that he was born in Kalisch, Poland, or that he acted as rabbi there. He was the author of: "Sha'are Ẓiyyon"...
KALISCHER, JUDAH LÖB BEN MOSES – German Talmudist; died April 18, 1822, at Lissa, where he was dayyan. Kalischer was the head of the yeshibah of Lissa for more than fifty years, during which time he had a great number of pupils. He wrote "Ha-Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah"...
KALISCHER, SOLOMON – German composer, pianist, and physicist; born Oct. 8, 1845, at Thorn, West Prussia. He studied at the Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau and the universities of Breslau and Berlin (Ph. D. 1868, his dissertation being "De...
KALISCHER, ẒEBI HIRSCH – German rabbi and colonizer; born March 24, 1795, at Lissa, Posen; died Oct. 16, 1874, at Thorn, on the Vistula. Destined for the rabbinate, he received his Talmudic education from Jacob of Lissa and Akiba Eger of Posen. After...
KALISKER, ABRAHAM BEN ALEXANDER HA-KOHEN – Rabbi of Kaliska, Prussia, in the eighteenth century. Kalisker studied successively under Elijah Wilna and Bär of Meseritz, becoming a fervent leader of the Ḥasidic party. After the death of Bär of Meseritz, Kalisker settled...
KALISZ – City in the government of the same name in Russian Poland; situated on the River Prosna, near the Prussian frontier. Its Jewish community is one of the oldest in Poland. In 1264 Boleslaw the Pious granted the Jews of Kalisz...
KALKAR, CHRISTIAN ANDREAS HERMAN – Danish convert to Protestantism; born Nov. 27, 1802, at Stockholm; died at Gladsaxe, near Copenhagen, Feb. 3, 1886. He received his early education from his father, a rabbi, and at the schools of Copenhagen, where in 1818 he...
KALLAH – Name of a teachers' convention which was held in Babylonian academies, after the beginning of the amoraic period, in the two months Adar and Elul. The original meaning of the word is not known. It is always written with ה ( ),...
KALLIR, ELEAZAR B. ELEAZAR – Hungarian rabbi and author; died at Kolin, Bohemia, in 1805; grandson of Meïr Eisenstadt, author of "Panim Me'irot." Kallir, who was rabbi of Rechnitz and of Kolin, wrote: (1) "Or Ḥadash," in three parts:(a) commentary on the...
KALMAN VERMEISA (OF WORMS) – Polish rabbi; died in Lemberg on April 28, 1560; the first known rabbi of that community and one of the earliest great rabbis of Poland. Though probably a native of Worms, as his surname suggests, he was rabbi and head of a...
KALMANKES – See Jaffe.
KALOMITI, ABRAHAM BEN MOSES – Turkish scholar of the fifteenth century. To him is attributed the rationalistic commentary on Job found in manuscript in the Bodleian Library (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 2243). In this commentary (fol. 57) the author...
KALONYMUS – A prominent family (originally from Lucca, Italy), which, after the settlement at Mayence and Speyer of several of its members, took during many generations a leading part in the development of Jewish learning in Germany. The...
KALONYMUS – See Beaucaire.
KALONYMUS BEN DAVID BEN TODROS – French translator; lived in the first half of the fourteenth century. He translated (after 1328) from the Arabic into Hebrew, under the title "Happalat ha-Happalah," the treatise of Averroes against Ghazali's "Tahafut...
KALONYMUS BEN GERSHON – German Talmudist of the thirteenth century. He was a contemporary of Eleazar of Worms and Menahem ben Jacob, with whom he disputed concerning a halakic decision. The controversy is quoted by Mordecai ben Hillel ("Mordekai,"...