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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HAUSER, CARL FRANKL – American humorist and writer; born Dec. 27, 1847, at Janoshaza, Hungary; received a rudimentary secular and Talmudic education at home. At Vienna, where he had engaged in business, he obtained a free scholarship at the Theater...
HAUSER, MISKA (MICHAEL) – Hungarian violin virtuoso; born at Presburg, Hungary, 1822; died at Vienna Dec. 8, 1887; pupil of Joseph Matalay, and later of Kreutzer, Mayseder, and Sechter, at the Vienna Conservatorium. In 1839-40 he first gave a number of...
HAUSER, PHILIPP – Hungarian physician, and writer on medical topics; born at Nádas, Hungary, April 2, 1832. For several years he attended the Talmudic school at Presburg and that at Nikolsburg, Moravia (1848). In 1852 he began the study of...
HAUSFREUND, DER – See Periodicals.
HAUSSMANN, DAVID – German physician; born at Ratibor, Silesia, July 22, 1839; died at Berlin May 26, 1903. He received his education in the Jewish school and in the gymnasium of his native town, and also at the universities of Breslau and Berlin....
HAVAS, ADOLF – Hungarian dermatologist; born in Szt. Gál, Hungary, Feb. 14, 1854; studied in Veszprim, Budapest, and Vienna, taking his degree as doctor of medicine in 1880. After a postgraduate course abroad, he returned to Budapest (1883),...
HAVILAH – Name of a district, or districts, in Arabia. According to I Sam. xv. 7, Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah to Shur (the region of the "wall"), "over against Egypt"; the Ishmaelites are also placed in the same locality (Gen....
ḤAVILIO, SIMON BEN JUDAH – See Ḥabillo, Simon ben Judah ben David.
HAVOTH-JAIR – Certain villages or towns on the east of the Jordan in Bashan and in Gilead, named after their conquerors. 1. The towns of Jair, son of Manasseh, which occupied the whole tract of Argob in Bashan (Num. xxxii. 41; Deut. iii. 14)....
HAVRE – French seaport, on the estuary of the Seine. It has a population of 118,478, of whom about 50 are Jews (1903). In 1850 a dozen Jewish families united for the celebration of Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur, in an apartment at No....
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS – Group of twelve islands in the North Pacific Ocean, eight of which are inhabited. They have a population of 154,000 (1902), of whom about 100 are Jews. As the territory of Hawaii the islands were annexed to the United States in...
HAWK – The rendering of given by the English versions; it is enumerated among the unclean birds in Lev. xi. 16; Deut. xiv. 15. The Hebrew word, to which is added "after its kind," may designate any of the smaller diurnal birds of prey,...
HAWKERS AND PEDLERS – Biblical Data: In primitive countries trading was monopolized by traveling merchants. Palestine, an agricultural country, knew the traders mostly as foreigners, chiefly Canaanites (Hosea xii. 8; Isa. xxiii. 8; Prov. xxxi. 24;...
HA-YEHUDI – See Periodicals.
HAYEM, ARMAND-LAZARE – French author; born in Paris July 24, 1845; died there 1889; son of Simon Hayem. Hayem forsook commerce for literature and politics. In the last years of the empire he openly advocated Republican doctrines, and in 1871 was...
HAYEM, CHARLES – French collector and art patron; born in Paris in 1839; died there May 13, 1902; eldest son of Simon Hayem. His wife was the daughter of Adolphe Franck, and her salon was a center for artists and writers. Hayem's gift of...
HAYEM, GEORGES – French physician; born in Paris Nov. 25, 1841; son of Simon Hayem. He became doctor of medicine in 1868, and later "agrégé" of the faculty of Paris. In 1879 he was appointed professor of therapeutics and materia medica at the...
HA-YO'EZ – See Periodicals.
HA-YONAH – See Periodicals.
HAYS – Family which emigrated from Holland in the first quarter of the eighteenth century and settled in and near New York city. Records exist of six brothers: (1) Jacob, (2) Judah, (3) Isaac, (4) Solomon, (5) Abraham, and (6) David,...
ḤAYYAṬ, JUDAH BEN JACOB – Spanish cabalist; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Himself one of the exiles from Spain, he describes in vivid colors his sufferings and those of his brethren (preface to his "Minḥat Yehudah"). In the winter of...
ḤAYYIM – A common prænomen among the Jews, especially during the Middle Ages. In its Latin form it occurs on the Hebrew mosaic of Kafr Kenna as , i.e. "Vita" ("Pal. Explor. Fund Statement," 1901, p. 377), and in the Jewish catacombs of...
ḤAYYIM – See Berlin.
ḤAYYIM, AARON IBN – Rabbi at Hebron, later at Smyrna; grandson of Aaron ben Abraham ibn Ḥayyim, author of the "Ḳorban Aharon." He was one of the victims of the earthquake which occurred in Smyrna in July, 1688. Considered one of the most prominent...
ḤAYYIM, ABIGDOR – Talmudist; lived in the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Peri 'Eẓ Ḥayyim" (Amsterdam, 1742), containing responsa, annotations to Maimonides' "Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah" and to the "Arba' Ṭurim," and sermons arranged in the order...