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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ḤAYYIM B. MOSES 'AṬṬAR – Italian rabbi; born at Sale, near Brescia, Italy, 1696; died in Jerusalem 1743. He was educated under the care of his grandfather, R. Ḥayyim. He wrote: "Ḥefeẓ ha-Shem," novellæ on Berakot, Shabbat, Horayot, and part of Ḥullin...
ḤAYYIM IBN MUSA – See Musa, Ḥayyim ibn.
ḤAYYIM BEN NATHAN – German scholar of the seventeenth century. He translated into Judæo-German the historical portions of the Bible. In the preface to his translation he says that he derived his version from the "Galchisch" Bible (Bible of the...
ḤAYYIM (JOSHUA), PHEIBEL BEN ISRAEL, OF TARNIGROD – Geographer of the eighteenth century. He wrote a geography of Palestine, in Hebrew, entitled "Ḳaẓwe Areẓ" (Zolkiev, 1772). In the second edition (Grodno, 1818) it bore the title "Ereẓ Yisrael li-Gebuloteha Sabib."Bibliography:...
ḤAYYIM B. SAMUEL B. DAVID OF TOLEDO – Spanish rabbi and author; lived at the end of the thirteenth century and at the beginning of the fourteenth. He was a pupil of Solomon b. Adret, and left in manuscript a work, "Ẓeror ha-Ḥayyim," which contains the laws...
ḤAYYIM SAMUEL FALK – See Falk, Ḥayyim Samuel.
ḤAYYIM B. SAMUEL HA-KOHEN – See Falk, Joshua ben Alexander ha-Kohen.
ḤAYYIM SHABBETHAI – Rabbi of Salonica; born about 1556; died 1647. After studying in the yeshibah of Salonica under Aaron Sason, Ḥayyim became a member of the bet din presided over by the latter. In 1607 he succeeded his former master as head of...
ḤAYYIM B. SOLOMON – Russo-Polish preacher; born at Wilna; died there Dec., 1804 (1794?), at an advanced age. His father, R. Solomon b. Ḥayyim, who died in 1766, was dayyan and preacher at Wilna. Ḥayyim was a friend of Elijah Gaon of Wilna and of...
ḤAYYIM BEN SOLOMON OF MOGHILEF – Rabbi and cabalist; died at Jerusalem in 1813. He was one of the Ḥasidic followers of Israel Ba'al Shem, and after he had been rabbi at five different towns, among them Moghilef and Czernowitz, he settled in Jerusalem.Ḥayyim was...
ḤAYYIM BEN TOBIAH – Russian rabbi; lived in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was among the pupils of Elijah of Wilna, and settled in Safed. In a letter from Safed, dated 1810, he exhorts the Jews of Russia to contribute to the assistance...
ḤAYYIM VITAL – See Vital, Ḥayyim.
ḤAYYIM ZANGER – See Halberstamm, Solomon Joachim.
ḤAYYIM B. ẒEBI HIRSCH – See Berlin, Noah Ḥayyim Ẓebi Hirsch.
ḤAYYIM BEN ZEBULON JACOB PERLMUTTER – Rabbi of Ostropol, Russia, in the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Elef Omer," a collection of sayings beginning with "aleph," and based on the "Beḥinat 'Olam" of Jedaiah Bedersi (Grodno, 1795), and "Shirah le-Ḥayyim,"...
ḤAYYON, GEDALIAH – Turkish rabbi: pupil of Alfandari the Younger (see Azulai, "Shem ha-Gedolim," and Grätz, "Gesch." x. 360); born at Constantinople in the second half of the seventeenth century. He settled at Jerusalem; subsequently he traveled...
ḤAYYON, MOSES B. AARON – Rabbi of Jerusalem, later of Safed; flourished at the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was the colleague of Abraham Yiẓḥaḳi (comp. Grätz, "Gesch." x. 517, note 6) and the son-in-law of Jacob...
ḤAYYUJ, JUDAH B. DAVID (Abu Zakariyya Yaḥya ibn Daud) – Father of Scientific Hebrew Grammar. Spanish-Hebrew grammarian; born in Fez, Morocco, about 950. At an early age he went to Cordova, where he seems to have remained till his death, which occurred early in the eleventh century....
ḤAYYUN, AARON BEN DAVID – Cabalist; lived at Jerusalem in the seventeenth century. He, together with David Yiẓḥaḳi and Jacob Molko, was dayyan in the rabbinate of Moses Galante. A decision by Ḥayyun concerning the dispute between Mordecai ha-Levi, chief...
ḤAYYUN, ABRAHAM BEN NISSIM – Portuguese scholar; father of Don Joseph Ḥayyun, rabbi of Lisbon; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He was the author of an ethical work entitled "Amarot Ṭehorot" (Constantinople, 1516).Bibliography: Kayserling,...
ḤAYYUN, NEHEMIAH ḤIYYA BEN MOSES – Excommunicated at Jerusalem. Bosnian cabalist; born about 1650; died about 1730. His parents, of Sephardic descent, lived in Sarajevo, Bosnia, where probably he was born, although in later life he pretended that he was a...
ḤAYYUT, ISAAC BEN JACOB – Polish rabbi; died at Skala, near Lemberg, Sept., 1726. He was descended from an old Provençal family which first settled in Bohemia, and was the grandson of R. Menahem Manesh Ḥayyut of Wilna. He became rabbi of Skala late in...
ḤAYYUT, MENAHEM (MANESH, MANUS, MANISH, MANNUSCH) B. ISAAC – Polish rabbi; died at Wilna about May, 1636. He was the son of R. Isaac b. Abraham Ḥayyut, a descendant of a pious Provençal family; his father went to Prague in 1584 (see Gans, "Ẓemaḥ Dawid," sub anno). It seems that in his...
HAZAEL – The most powerful of the kings of Damascus, and a ruler of general historical as well as of Biblical importance. While Ahab was still reigning as King of Israel the prophet Elijah was ordered by Yhwh to anoint Hazael as the...
ḤAZAḲ, JACOB RAPHAEL HEZEKIAH – Italian rabbi of the eighteenth century; born 1689; died at Padua 1782 (Ab 16). He was a pupil of Mordecai Basan of Verona, whence he went to Padua, where he studied with Moses Ḥayyim Luzzatto. He succeeded Menahem Modena as...