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ḤAYYIM B. MOSES 'AṬṬAR:

Italian rabbi; born at Sale, near Brescia, Italy, 1696; died in Jerusalem 1743. He was educated under the care of his grandfather, R. Ḥayyim. He wrote: "Ḥefeẓ ha-Shem," novellæ on Berakot, Shabbat, Horayot, and part of Ḥullin (Amsterdam, 1732); "Or ha-Ḥayyim," commentary on the Pentateuch (Venice, 1742); "Perot Genusar," or "Peri Toar," novellæ on some of the halakot of the Yoreh De'ah, and chiefly known for its strictures on the "Peri Ḥadash" of Hezekiah da Silva (republished together with the "Or ha-Ḥayyim" at Amsterdam, 1812). He also wrote a work entitled "Rishon le-Ẓiyyon," containing: explanations of seven passages in Berakot, Mo'ed Ḳaṭan, Ta'anit, Megillah, Ḥagigah, Sukkah, Beẓah, and of Maimonides on these tractates; novellæ on the Yoreh De'ah (Nos. 240-293), and the rules relating to a double doubt, ; explanations on the prophetical books and the Hagiographa (Constantinople, 1751). His "Or ha-Ḥayyim" is very popular among the Jews of the East.

Bibliography:
  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, i. 59;
  • Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, pp. 364-365;
  • Jacob Nacht, Meḳor Ḥayyim, Drohobycz, 1898.
S. S. N. T. L.
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