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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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CENSER – An implement shaped like a bowl or a pan, intended for the burning of incense. In the English Bible the term is employed indiscriminately to render two Hebrew words which seem to have denoted different objects. One of these...
CENSORSHIP OF HEBREW BOOKS – Censorship is the regulation, first decreed by the Church and then carried out either by that institution or by the state, whereby books (both manuscript and printed) were examined for the purpose of ascertaining whether they...
CENSUS – A numbering of the people. Several cases are given in the Bible. The first mentioned is that in Num. i. (from which the book receives its name), when the males—i.e., men capable of bearing arms—numbered 603,550 at the Exodus....
CENTO – City of 8,000 inhabitants in the province of Ferrara, central Italy. If the statement is correct that the Ha-Me'ati ( ), a family of translators, derived their name from their native place, Cento ( , "a hundred" = cento), there...
CENTO, NATHAN DA – See Me'ati, Nathan ha-.
CENTO, SAMUEL DA – See Me'ati, Samuel ha-.
CENTO, SOLOMON DA – See Me'ati, Solomon ha-.
CENTRAL AMERICA – See South and Central America.
CENTRAL CONFERENCE OF AMERICAN RABBIS – See Conferences of American Rabbis.
CENTRALANZEIGER FÜR JÜDISCHE LITERATUR – See Periodicals.
CEPHAS – See Peter.
CEREMONIES AND THE CEREMONIAL LAW – Symbolic rites and observances, expressive of certain thoughts or sentiments. As social life demands forms of etiquette (see Greetings), so every religous system has its peculiar ceremonies indicative of its own particular...
CERF, KARL FRIEDRICH – German theatrical manager; born at Unterreissheim-on-the-Main in 1782; died at Berlin Nov. 6, 1845. He embraced Christianity when very young, and had to support his father's family when only seventeen years old. After having...
CERFBEER, HERZ, OF MEDELSHEIM – French philanthropist; born at Bischheim, Alsace, in 1730; died at Strasburg in 1793. He was a contractor to the army, and employed his wealth and his influence with the French government in promoting the material and spiritual...
CERFBEER, MAX-THÉODORE – French officer and deputy; born at Nancy, Meurthe, Dec. 9, 1792; died Jan. 15, 1876. He entered the army at an early age, and was made an officer by Napoleon I. without having passed through the military school. In 1827 he was...
CERFBERR, ANATOLE – French journalist and author; born at Paris 1835; died at Neuilly 1896. Under various pseudonyms, among which were "Arthur Clary," "Antoine Cerlier," and "Fulgence Ridal," he contributed to numerous papers. He was an admirer of...
CERFBERR, AUGUSTE ÉDOUARD – French author; born at Epinal in 1811; died in 1858. Having completed his studies in law, Cerfberr entered the service of the government, in which he held many high positions. His last office was that of prefect and general...
CERFBERR, FRÉDÉRIC – French consul; born at Strasburg Oct. 27, 1786; died at sea Sept. 18, 1842, on a voyage from New York to France. Being fond of travel and foreign languages, he obtained (in 1809) the appointment as secretary of the imperial...
CERFBERR, MAXIMILIEN CHARLES ALPHONSE, OF MEDELSHEIM – French journalist; born at Epinal July 20, 1817; died at Paris Dec. 16, 1883. After traveling extensively in Algeria and the East, Cerfberr was attached in 1839 to the penitentiary administration in the Ministry of the Interior....
CERFBERR, SAMSON, OF MEDELSHEIM – French soldier and author; born at Strasburg about 1780; committed suicide at Paris, 1826. He led an erratic and adventurous life, wanderingover the world, changing his name and even his religion several times. At one time he is...
CERVERA – Hill-town in Catalonia, Spain, which in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries had a Jewish community. In 1328 a quarter near the San Miguel place was assigned by King Alfonso IV. to the Jews, who enjoyed full commercial...
CESENA – City of the Pontifical States. In early times a Jewish community existed here, of which the tosafist Eliezer is mentioned in the thirteenth century. The "payyeṭan" Moses de Rossi and the exegete Obadiah Sforno were born in the...
CESTIUS FLORUS – See Florus Cestius.
CHABAD – See Ḥasidim.
CHABAR – See Ḥabar.