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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ELIJAH B. JOSEPH (YOSKE) – See Spira, Elijah b. Joseph.
ELIJAH B. JUDAH LÖOB OF WISCHNITZ – Polish rabbi and author; died in 1715. At an early age he left Poland and went to Fulda, Germany, where he became rabbi. He wrote: a commentary on Sheḳalim (Yer.), with quotations of parallel passages, Frankfort-on-the-Main,...
ELIJAH BEN JUDAH OF PARIS – French Talmudist of the twelfth century, often quoted by later Talmudists as an important authority. He became well known through his controversy with R. Tam as to whether the tefillin-knot should be renewed every day. A legend...
ELIJAH BEN KALONYMUS – Talmudical scholar; lived at Lublin in the seventeenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the Pentateuch, entitled "Adderet Eliyahu," published at, Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1649.Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
ELIJAH MAGISTRATUS – See Genazzano, Elijah Ḥayyim.
ELIJAH BEN MENAHEM HA-ZAḲEN – French liturgical poet; flourished at Le Mans in the eleventh century. According to Solomon Luria, (Responsa, No. 29), he was the son-in-law of Sherira. Gaon. Fürst doubts that Elijah was of Le Mans, takingthe name to be the...
ELIJAH MIZRAḤI – See Mizraḥi, Elijah.
ELIJAH BEN MORDECAI – Payyeṭan of the eleventh century, possibly a native of Italy. Of his poetic productions a "ḳerobah" for the Minḥah of the Day of Atonement ( ) is extant in the German-Polish liturgy. Eliezer ben Nathan wrote a commentary on...
ELIJAH BEN MOSES GERSHON – Eighteenth-century Polish physician, mathematician, and Talmudist; lived at Pinczow, government of Kielce, Russian Poland. He wrote: "Meleket Maḥshebet," in two parts: the first called "'Ir Ḥeshbon," on arithmetic and algebra;...
ELIJAH BEN MOSES ISRAEL – Palestinian rabbi; born at Jerusalem; died at Alexandria Jan. 7, 1786. In 1763 he became rabbi of Rhodes, and was later offered the chief rabbinate of Alexandria. Though a prolific writer, few of his works have been published....
ELIJAH B. MOSES DE VIDAS – Cabalist at Safed in the sixteenth century; pupil of R. Moses Cordovero. He went to Poland, but returned to Palestine, and died at Hebron. He is the author of "Reshit Ḥokmah," a book on morals divided into five parts...
ELIJAH OF PESARO – Italian Talmudist and philosopher of the sixteenth century. After a long residence in Venice as Talmudic teacher, he started for Palestine (1563). Arrived at Famagusta, in Cyprus, he heard that the cholera was devastating the...
ELIJAH RABBENU (BEN JUDAH TISHBI) – Karaite scholar; died about 1584. He wrote in 1579 at Constantinople a work called "Pe'er" (="Perush Eliyahu Rabbenu"), a super-commentary on the first part of Aaron ben Joseph's Biblical commentary "Ha-Mibḥar." Moses of Zurudi,...
ELIJAH B. SAMUEL OF LUBLIN – Polish rabbi; died at Hebron, Palestine, 1735. He became rabbi of Byala, and later, after residing for some time at Brest-Litovsk, of Eibenschütz, Moravia. In old age he removed to Hebron. Elijah was the author of "Yad Eliyahu,"...
ELIJAH BEN SAMUEL BEN PARNES OF STEPHANOW – Bulgarian exegete and poet; lived in the second half of the fifteenth century, probably first at Widdin, and later at Constantinople. He maintained a correspondence on scientific subjects with Moses Capsali, Elijah Mizraḥi, and...
ELIJAH BEN SHEMAIAH – Italian rabbi and liturgical poet; lived at Bari in the twelfth century. He was one of the teachers of Samuel b. Naṭronai; and his signature, with those of many other rabbis, is appended to a responsum found in Samuel's novellæ...
ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON – Lithuanian Talmudist, cabalist, grammarian, and mathematician; born at Wilna April 23, 1720; died there Oct. 9, 1797. He gave evidence of the possession of extraordinary talents while still a child. At the age of seven he was...
ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN – Dayyan of Smyrna; almoner and preacher; died 1729. Elijah produced over thirty works, of which the principal, according to Wunderbar ("Orient, Lit." p. 579), are as follows: "Midrash Eliyahu," eleven funeral sermons and a...
ELIJAH WILNA – See Elijah b. Solomon.
ELIJAH OF YORK – Tosafist; supposed to have been killed in the York massacre of 1190. In Tosef., Yoma, 27a, he is called Elijah of , and in Tosef., Zeb. 14b, of , which Gross ("Gallia Judaica," p. 22) identifies with "Everwic" (Latin,...
ELIM – The second camping-place of the Israelites on the march from Egypt. It had twelve springs and seventy palm-trees (Ex. xv. 27, xvi. 1; Num. xxxiii. 9, 10). It is usually, but by no means with certainty, located in Wadi...
ELIMELECH – A man of the tribe of Judah, living in Bethlehemjudah at the time of the Judges (Ruth i. 2). Scarcity of food compelled him to emigrate with his family to Moab, where he died, and where one of his sons married Ruth (ib. i. 3,...
ELIPHAZ – The first of the three visitors of Job (Job ii. 11), surnamed "the Temanite"; supposed to have come from Teman, an important city of Edom (Amos i. 12; Obad. 9; Jer. xlix. 20). Thus Eliphaz appears as the representative of the...
ELIPHELET – 1. The last of the eleven sons born to David in Jerusalem (II Sam. v. 16). In I Chron. iii. 6, 8; xiv. 5, 7, two sons of this name (A. V. "Elpalet" and "Eliphalet"; R. V. "Elpelet" and "Eliphelet") are mentioned, together with a...
ELISEUS – Learned Jew at the court of Murad I. at Brusa and Adrianople during the second half of the fourteenth century. After a time he lost favor with the sultan, and was disgraced and exiled. He is identified by Franz Delitzsch with...