ELIJAH BEN SHEMAIAH:
Italian rabbi and liturgical poet; lived at Bari in the twelfth century. He was one of the teachers of Samuel b. Naṭronai; and his signature, with those of many other rabbis, is appended to a responsum found in Samuel's novellæ on Maimonides ("Yad," Ishut, xxiii. 14). Elijah b. Shemaiah is especially known as a composer of hymns. Besides a "reshut" to Johanan's "Ḳerobot" for Yom Kippur, Elijah composed a great number of seliḥot. Zunz ("Literaturgesch." pp. 244-246) enumerates no less than thirty-six, arranged either in the alphabetical or in the reversed alphabetical order, and giving the acrostic of his name.
- Zunz, Literaturgesch. pp. 139, 244-246;
- idem, G. V. p. 393;
- idem, S. P. p. 206;
- Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No. 412;
- Landshuth, 'Ammude, ha-'Abodah, p. 17.