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GOLDSCHMIDT, MEÏR AARON – Danish political writer; born Oct. 26, 1819, at Vordingborg, Denmark; died at Copenhagen Aug. 15, 1887. The dream of his youth was to become a famous physician, but as Danish church orthodoxy prevented him, because he was a Jew,...
GOLDSCHMIDT, OTTO – German pianist and composer; born at Hamburg Aug. 21, 1829. He studied under Jacob Schmidt and F. W. Grund; with Hans von Bülow under Mendelssohn at the Leipsic Conservatorium; and in 1848 under Chopin in Paris. In 1849 he...
GOLDSCHMIDT, SIEGFRIED – German Orientalist; born at Cassel Oct. 29, 1844; died at Strasburg Jan. 31, 1884. He was educated at the universities of Leipsic, Berlin, and Tübingen, graduating (Ph.D.) in 1867. His doctor's dissertation, "Der VIIte...
GOLDSCHMIEDT, GUIDO – Austrian chemist; born in Triest Oct. 5, 1850; studied at Vienna and Heidelberg. First as assistant, later as associate professor at the chemical laboratory of Vienna University, he published a number of important articles on...
GOLDSMID – A family of English financiers, who trace descent from a certain Uri ha-Levi of Emden, as shown in the pedigree on opposite page.The following were some of the prominent members of the family:Aaron F. Goldsmid: London merchant...
GOLDSMITH, LEWIS – English political writer and agitator; born 1763; died Jan. 6, 1846. Educated in London, he was trained for the legal profession, but soon abandoned this profession for the writing of political pamphlets and satires. He started...
GOLDSMITH, MILTON – American merchant and author; born at Philadelphia May 22, 1861. In 1877 he went to Europe and studied three years at Zurich. Goldsmith has written two novels: "Rabbi and Priest," 1891; "A Victim of Conscience," 1903, and in...
GOLDSMITHS AND SILVERSMITHS – In the Middle Ages. The earliest descriptions of productions of the goldsmith's art refer to the work of Jewish goldsmiths. The Bible, which contains these descriptions, gives also the names of the workers—Bezaleel b. Uri and...
GOLDSTEIN, EDUARD – Russian musician; born at Odessa 1851; died at Leipsic Aug. 8, 1887. He was an accomplished pianist at the age of thirteen, and obtained a position in the Italian opera-house of Kishinef. In 1868 he was sent to the Leipsic...
GOLDSTEIN, JOSEPH – Austrian cantor and composer; born at Kecskemét, Hungary, March 27, 1836; died in Vienna June 17, 1899. He occupied the position of chief cantor at the Leopoldstädter Tempel, the largest synagogue in Vienna, for forty years. He...
GOLDSTEIN, JOSEPH – Political economist and statistician; born in Odessa, Russia, Jan. 9, 1869. After completing his studies at the gymnasium of his native town, he entered the technological institute in Carlsruhe, Baden, and took a diploma as...
GOLDSTEIN, MICHAEL YULYEVICH – Russian chemist; born at Odessa 1853; educated in the Richelieu Gymnasium of Odessa, and graduated from the Medico-Surgical Academy of St. Petersburg. In 1877 he went abroad and obtained the degree of doctor of philosophy. On...
GOLDSTÜCKER, THEODOR – German Sanskritist; born at Königsberg, Prussia, Jan. 18, 1821; died in London March 6, 1872. In 1840 he gained his degree of Ph.D. at Königsberg University, where he first studied Sanskrit under Bohlen, continuing his studies...
GOLDSZMIDT, JOSEPH – Polish lawyer; born at Hrubieszow, government of Lublin, 1846; (died 1896; graduate of the University of Warsaw. He wrote: "Wizerunki Wslawionych ZydowXIX Wieku," sketches of famous Jews of the nineteenth century (Warsaw,...
GOLDZIEHER, WILHELM – Hungarian oculist and ophthalmological writer, born at Köpcsény (= Kitsee), near Presburg, Jan. 1, 1849. He studied medicine at Vienna, Berlin, Prague, and Heidelberg, graduating (M.D.) at Vienna Dec. 25, 1871. In 1874 he...
GOLDZIHER, IGNAZ – Hungarian Orientalist; born in Stuhlweissenburg, Hungary, June 22, 1850; attended the gymnasium in his native town, and continued his studies at the universities of Budapest, Berlin, Leipsic (Ph.D., 1870), and Leyden. In 1872 he...
GOLEM – Embryo. This word occurs only once in the Bible, in Ps. cxxxix. 16, where it means "embryo." In tradition everything that is in a state of incompletion, everything not fully formed, as a needle without the eye, is designated as...
GOLGOTHA – Locality mentioned in the New Testament as the scene of Jesus' execution (Matt. xxvii. 33 and parallels). The name is an Aramaic emphatic state, and corresponds to the Hebrew . In the Greek transliteration of the Gospels the "l"...
GOLIATH – A Philistine giant of Gath (I Sam. xvii. 4). The name "Goliath" is probably connected with the Assyro-Babylonian "Guzali" = "running, ravaging spirits," "destroyers" (Jastrow, "Religion of Assyria and Babylon," p. 500;...
GOLITZYN, COUNT NICHOLAS – Russian writer; born in the second half of the nineteenth century. He became notorious through his history of Russian legislation dealing with the Jews, entitled "Istoria Russkavo Zakonodatelstva O Yevreyakh," of which only the...
GOLLANCZ, HERMANN – English rabbi; born at Bremen Nov. 30, 1852; educated at Jews' and University colleges, London. He officiated at several synagogues in England, and on the death of the late chief rabbi succeeded Dr. Hermann Adler as rabbi at...
GOLLANCZ, ISRAEL – Secretary of the British Academy; born in London 1864. He was educated at the City of London School and Cambridge University (B.A., 1887). He was lecturer in English at University College 1892-95; lecturer at Cambridgeunder the...
GOLOMB, HIRSCH NISSAN – Russian Hebraist and writer on music; born at Podzelve, government of Wilna, Dec. 15, 1853. He studied in the yeshibah of Wilkomir, and received a good musical training at Wilna. At the beginning of his literary career he was a...
GOLYATOVSKI, JOANNIKI – Little-Russian cleric and anti-Jewish writer; died 1688. After having studied in the Kiev-Mogilian College, Golyatovski took holy orders, and was later appointed rector of the Little-Russian schools. He declared himself the...
GOMEL – See Homel.