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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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GOMEL BENSHEN – The pronouncing of the benediction for escape from danger' after passing through the desert; after confinement in prison; after severe sickness; and after crossing the sea and arriving safely in port. From the verses "Men should...
GOMER – 1. Eldest son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Gen. x. 2, 3; I Chron. i. 5, 6). In Yoma 10a and Yer. Meg. i. 9 "Gomer" is explained to be the same as which stands either for ("Cimmerii") or for...
GOMEZ – Genealogical Tree of the Gomez Family. The Gomez family, or rather that branch of it which has established itself in America, traces its descent from Isaac Gomez, a Marano who left Madrid early in the seventeenth century and...
GOMEZ, ANTONIO ENRIQUEZ – Spanish poet; born in Segovia toward the end of the sixteenth century; died in 1662. He was a son of the Marano Diego Enriquez de Villanueva. Of exceptional abilities, Antonio devoted himself to study while very young. At the...
GOMEZ, DUARTE – See Usque, Solomon.
GOMEZ, MANUEL – Physician; born about 1580 of Portuguese parentage at Antwerp. After studying medicine at Evora he settled as a physician at Amsterdam. He wrote "De Pestilentiæ Curatione" (Antwerp, 1603; 3d ed., ib. 1643), and is said to have...
GOMEZ DE SOSA (SOSSA), ABRAHAM – Spanish physician; died at an advanced age Elul 21 (=Sept. 10), 1667. He was physician in ordinary to the infante Ferdinand (son of Philip III. of Spain), governor of the Netherlands. His epitaph is recorded in D. H. de Castro's...
GOMEZ DE SOSA (SOSSA), ISAAC – Latin poet ("famoso poeta Latino," according to De Barrios); son of Abraham Gomez do Sosa. He was arbiter at the academy of poetry founded by Don Manuel de Belmonte in 1677. Gomez wrote the Latin epitaph on his father's tomb, a...
GOMORRAH – One of the destroyed cities of the Pentapolis. Comp. Sodom and Zoar.
GOMPERS, SAMUEL – American labor-leader; born in London Jan. 27, 1850. At ten years of age he became a wage-earner, working in a shoe-factory; later he was apprenticed to a cigar-maker. In 1863 he emigrated to America, where a year later he...
GOMPERTZ, BENJAMIN – British actuary; born in London March 5, 1779; died there July 14, 1865. He was descended from the family of Gomperz of Emmerich. In 1798 he began to contribute to the "Gentleman's Mathematical Companion," for a long time...
GOMPERTZ, ISAAC – English poet; brother of Benjamin and Lewis Gompertz: born 1774; died 1856. He wrote: "June, or Light and Shade," a poem in six parts, London, 1815; "The Modern Antique, or the Muse in the Costume of Queen Anne," London, 1813;...
GOMPERTZ, LEWIS – English inventor of London; died Dec. 2, 1861; brother of Benjamin Gompertz, the mathematician. He devoted his life to the cause of kindness to animals, and in 1824 set forth his views in a work entitled "Moral Enquiries on the...
GOMPERZ, BENJAMIN – Austrian physician; born at Vienna Oct. 6, 1861. He was educated at the Leopoldstädter communal gymnasium and the University of Vienna, and received the degree of doctor of medicine in 1885. He was appointed assistant at the...
GOMPERZ-BETTELHEIM – See Bettelheim.
GOMPERZ, JULIUS, RITTER VON – Austrian merchant and statesman; brother of Theodor Gomperz; born at Brünn 1824; studied at the gymnasium and Philosophische Lehranstalt there. In 1859 he became a member of the chamber of commerce (president in 1872). He took...
GOMPERZ, THEODOR – Austrian philologist; born at Brünn March 29, 1832. His great-grandfather, Benedictus Levi Gomperz, was the financial agent of the duchy of Cleve, whose influence with the Dutch government was exemplified by his successful...
GONZALO GARCIA DE SANTA MARIA – Spanish bishop and enemy of the Jews; born at Burgos in 1379; baptized as a boy of eleven, together with his father, Paul de Burgos or de S. Maria. He was appointed Archdeacon of Briviesca in 1412, and then successively Bishop...
GONZALO, MARTINEZ – A poor Spanish knight who was promoted to high offices through the instrumentality of Joseph de Ecija, in whose service he was. Hebrought charges against his master and against Samuel ibn Waḳar before King Alfonso XI. (1312-60),...
GOOD AND EVIL – See Ethics.
GOODMAN, TOBIAS – English preacher and author; died after 1824; one of the earliest preachers in English of the London Jewish community Tobias Goodman was a reader and minister at the Denmark Court Synagogue, the first synagogue established in...
GOOSE – According to the Talmudists the domestic and the wild goose are two different species which should not be crossed (B. Ḳ. 55a; Bek. 8a). They are distinguished by the following criteria: The domestic goose has a longer beak than...
GOPHER-WOOD – The material of which the ark of Noah was made. The word "gofer" occurs but once in the Bible, viz., in the expression (Gen. vi. 14). A comparison of the ancient versions shows that the word was just as obscure when they were...
GORDIN, JACOB (JAKOV MIKHAILOVICH) – Yiddish playwright and reformer; born May 1, 1853, in Mirgorod, government of Poltava. He received a good education and acquired a thorough knowledge of Hebrew. In 1870 he began to contribute articles to various Russian...
GORDON, DAVID B. DOB BAER – Russian journalist; born in Podmerecz, near Wilna, in 1826; died in Lyck, Prussia, May 21, 1886. At the age of ten he went to Wilna, where he studied in the yeshibah. When eighteen he settled in Sergei (Serhei), government of...