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ASSER, CAREL – Dutch jurist and scholar; born at The Hague, June 1, 1843; died at Leyden, Dec. 10, 1898. He was a son of Louis Asser, judge of the district court at The Hague, and grandson of Carel Asser, referendary in the Department of...
ASSER, MOSES SALOMON – Dutch jurist; born in Amsterdam Aug., 1754; died there Nov. 4, 1826. Although originally intended for trade, he took up the study of commercial law; and so successful was he in his new career, that on becoming procurator in...
ASSER, TOBIAS MICHAEL CAREL – Dutch jurist; born at Amsterdam April 28, 1838. His father was Carel Daniel Asser (1813-85). His mother was a sister of Godefroi, Dutch minister of Justice.Asser studied jurisprudence at the Athenæum at Amsterdam, and as early...
ASSESSMENT OF TAXES – See Finta, Revenue of.
ASSHUR – Biblical Data: Name of a city once the capital of Assyria. Asshur was apparently the first important town built by the early colonists of the country, who probably came from Babylonia. One of the earliest known rulers of...
ASSHURITES – Biblical Data: A nation descended from Abraham and Keturah (Gen. xxv. 3). In prophetic literature the nation is mentioned as being engaged in making benches of ivory for Tyre (Ezek. xxvii. 6). The Asshurites in II Sam. ii. 9can...
ASSI – Name. A prænomen of several amoraim, which, with its variants, is a modification or diminutive of "Joseph" (compare Bacher, "Ag. Tan." ii. 371; "Ag.Pal. Amor." ii. 151, 8). "Assi" is of Babylonian origin, while other forms are...
ASSIGNMENT – According to common law, "the transferring and setting over to another of some right, title, or interest in things in which a third party, not a party to the assignment, has a concern and interest" (J. Bacon's "Abridgment," p....
ASSING, DAVID ASSUR – German physician and poet; born at Königsberg in 1787; died April 25, 1842. He studied at the universities of Tübingen, Halle, Vienna, and Göttingen. He received his doctorate from the University of Göttingen Aug. 26, 1807...
ASSING, LUDMILLA – German authoress; born in Hamburg Feb. 22, 1821; died March 25, 1880, in Florence, Italy. She was the daughter of Dr. David Assing and Rosa Maria Assing, sister of Varnhagen von Ense. After the death of her parents she removed...
ASSIR – 1. A son of Korah, a Levite (Ex. vi. 24, and in the list of I Chron. vi. 7). 2. Son of Ebiasaph and great-grandson of Assir, son of Korah (I Chron. vi. 8, 22). 3. Son of Jeconiah, found in the genealogical lists of the kings of...
ASSIZE OF JEWRY – An expression used in the thirteenth century in England for the laws and customs regulating the relations between Jews and Christians in that country, and especially binding upon the decisions of the Exchequer of the Jews. Like...
ASSON, MICHELANGELO – Italian physician and medical author; born at Verona June 21, 1802; died at Venice Dec. 2, 1877. Asson's father dying while his son was still an infant, the family was left in such straitened circumstances that an uncle...
ASSUMPTIO MOSIS – See Apocalyptic Literature, § 4.
ASSYRIA – Name and Origin. The name "Assyria" is the Greek form of the native "Asshur," the city on the west of the Tigris, near its confluence with the Lower Zab, from which the kingdom, and finally the empire, of Assyria was named....
ASSYRIOLOGY AND THE OLD TESTAMENT – The science of Assyriology (the interpretation of the cuneiform inscriptions), which has originated and developed with such marked rapidity within the past fifty years, stands in intimate relations with the Old Testament. The...
ASTARTE WORSHIP AMONG THE HEBREWS – Astarte as a Sphynx.(From Prisse d'Avennes, "Histoire de l'Art Egyptien.")Astarte is the Phenician name of the primitive Semitic mother-goddess, out of which the most important of the Semitic deities were developed. She was...
ASTI – Town in the province of Alessandria, Italy, on the left bank of the Tanaro; population 32,000. Although now of no great importance, in the Middle Ages Asti was a center of commerce and the capital of one of the most powerful...
ASTRAKHAN – Capital of the government of the same name in Russia, situated on the left bank of the Volga, about sixty miles from the Caspian sea. It is generally supposed to have been built near the site of Atel (or Itil), the ancient...
ASTROLOGY – Biblical. See Astronomy, Biblical.Terminology. —In the Apocrypha and in the Talmud: Neither (Isa. xlvii. 13), which the Greek translation renders "astrologers," nor (Dan. ii. 27 et seq.), the technical designation for the...
ASTRONOMY – Biblical Data: Biblical Astronomy, in the broad sense, includes the views taken in the books of the Bible of the position of the earth in the universe, the designation of the stars, planets, fixed stars, and the views held...
ASTRUC – A prænomen used frequently by Jews in southern France and eastern Spain; used to this day as a family name in France. It is derived from the Provençal astruc, "happy" (compare benastruc and malastruc, and the Spanish astrugo,...
ASTRUC CRESCAS – See Crescas.
ASTRUC EN-DURAN – See Abba Mari ben Moses of Lunel.
ASTRUC, ELIE-ARISTIDE – French rabbi and author; born at Bordeaux, Nov. 12, 1831. He received his early education in his native city and took a course of study at the rabbinical college of Metz, to which he was sent with a scholarship by the community...