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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE GESCHICHTE DER JUDEN IN DEUTSCHLAND – See Periodicals.
ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE RELIGIÖSEN INTERESSEN DES JUDENTHUMS – See Periodicals.
ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE WISSENSCHAFT DES JUDENTHUMS – See Periodicals.
ZEITUNG – See Periodicals.
ZEKOR BERIT – A poem by Gershom ben Judah (960-1040), the "Light of the Exile" (Zunz, "Literaturgesch." p. 239); it is chanted in the Seliḥot of the Northern rituals as the central hymn of the early penitential prayers on the eve of New-Year,...
ZELAZOWSKA, CATHERINE – Polish convert to Judaism; born in 1460; martyred at Cracow in 1540. She was the widow of an alderman of Cracow; and at the time when, influenced by the Bible, Polish Christendom was divided into different sects, she followed...
ZELMAN, SAMUELE VITA – ZEKOR BERIT Austro-Italian poet; born at Triest in 1808; died there in 1885. He was educated at the rabbinical college of Padua, where he was the favorite pupil of Samuel David Luzzatto. He was the author of the following works:...
ZELOPHEHAD – Biblical Data: A Manassite who in one passage is called the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the grandson of Manasseh (Num. xxvi. 29-33), and in another is set down as the second son of Manasseh (I Chron. vii. 15). The...
ẒEMAḤ BEN ḤAYYIM – Gaon of Sura from 889 to 895. He was the stepbrother and successor of Nahshon ben Zadok, and has become known especially through the reply which he madeto the inquiry of the Kairwanites regarding Eldad ha-Dani. This responsum,...
ẒEMAḤ, JACOB BEN ḤAYYIM – Portuguese cabalist and physician; died at Jerusalem in the second half of the seventeenth century. He received a medical training in his native country as a Marano, but fled about 1619 to Safed and devoted himself to the Talmud...
ẒEMAḤ BEN KAFNAI – Gaon of Pumbedita from 936 to 938, at the time when Saadia had been reinstated in the gaonate of Sura after his excommunication. Nothing is known concerning his life or his works.Bibliography: Letter of Sherira, in Neubauer's...
ZEMATUS, MAGISTER – See Michael b. Shabbethai.
ZEMIROT – Sabbath Hymns. ZEMIROT-Melodies at GraceGRACE AFTER MEALS SABBATH REST AIRS OF THE ḤASIDIM KI ESHMERAH SHABBAT A term applied by the Sephardim to the Psalms in the earlier sections of the morning service. The Ashkenazim, on the...
ZEND-AVESTA – See Avesta.
ZENOBIA SEPTIMIA – Empress of Palmyra; regent (from 267 to 273) for her minor son Vollabathus, who had been appointed imperator by the emperor Aurelian. Zenobia appears to have been friendly to the Jews; and according to some accounts, which,...
ZEPHANIAH – One of the twelve Minor Prophets who describes himself as "the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hezekiah, in the days of Josiah, the son of Amon, King of Judah" (Zeph. i. 1). He seems, therefore,...
ZEPHANIAH BEN MORDECAI TROKI – Karaite scholar and author; flourished during the latter part of the sixteenth century; brother of Joseph b. Mordecai Troki. He was the author of "Ḳiddush ha-Ḥodesh we-Sod ha-'Ibbur," a work on the calendar, and of responsa on...