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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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TEḤINNAH – See Devotional Literature.
TEITELBAUM, MOSES – Austrian Ḥasid; died July 17, 1841. According to Löw, he signed his name Tamar, this being the equivalent of Teitelbaum, which is the Yiddish for Dattelbaum = "palm-tree." He officiated as rabbi, first in Przemysl, and later in...
TEIXEIRA – Noble Portuguese Marano family, originally bearing the surname of Sampayo. In accordance with a decree of King Philip IV. of Spain, its coat of arms—azure, a cross potencée or—was included in the Spanish roll of arms. In the...
TEIXEIRA, PEDRO – Portuguese traveler; born at Lisbon of Marano parents; died about the middle of the seventeenth century either at Verona (according to De Barrios, who is followed by Wolf, Zunz, and others) or at Antwerp (according to Barbosa...
TEḲI'AH – See Shofar.
TEKOA – City of southern Judea, frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. The "wise woman" who brought about the recall of Absalom was a resident of the city (II Sam. xiv. 2 et seq.), and it was also the home of the prophet Amos (i....
TEḲUFAH – Seasons. Season of the year. The four teḳufot are: (1) Teḳufat Nisan, the vernal equinox (March 21), when the sun enters Aries; this is the beginning of spring, or "'et hazera'" (seed-time), when day and night are equal; (2)...
TELASSAR – City, along with Gozan, Haran, and Reseph, which Rabshakeh mentions as having been conquered by Sennacherib's predecessors (II Kings xix. 12; Isa. xxxvii. 12). This city was inhabited by the Bene 'Eden. The cuneiform...
TELCS, EDUARD – Hungarian sculptor; born at Baja May 12, 1872. At the age of twelve he went to Budapest and studied decorative art, but he soon left that city for Vienna, where he was educated for four years in the Allgemeine Bildhauerschule,...
TELESINUS – Jew of Telesia, who lived at Rome about 480. Not only did Pope Gelasius refer to him, in a letter to Bishop Quingesius, as a "vir clarissimus" and his most deserving friend, but he recommended Telesinus' relative Antonius...
TELL EL-AMARNA – Of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Name derived from the Beni'Amran or El-Amarna Bedouins, and now given to the extensive ruins and rock-cut tombs which are the last relics of the ancient royal city of Khut Aten. These ruins are in...
TELLER, LEOPOLD – Hungarian actor; born at Budapest April 3, 1844. For a time he studied medicine at the University of Vienna, but in 1862 he went to Laibach, where he joined a theatrical company. During the following ten years he played at small...
TELLER, PROBST – See Friedländer, David.
TELLHEIM, CAROLINE – See Bettelheim, Caroline von.
TEMAN – Originally, the name of a tribe and then of a district of the Edomites. In Biblical genealogy it is the name of the eldest son of Eliphaz, the first-born of Esau, and one of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 11, 15, 42; I Chron....
TEMERLS, JACOB BEN ELIEZER – German Talmudist and cabalist; born at Worms at the end of the sixteenth century; died at Vienna about 1667. At an early age Temerls went to Poland, and for some years directed a Talmudical school at Lublin. Thence he removed to...
TEMESVAR – Hungarian city. The oldest gravestone in the Jewish cemetery is dated 1636, and was erected in memory of Azriel Assach of Salonica. Between 1552 and 1716 large numbers of Spanish Jews settled in Temesvar, where the Turkish...
TEMPLE, ADMINISTRATION AND SERVICE OF – Officers. The affairs of the Second Temple were managed by a board of fifteen appointed officers ("memunnim"). The Mishnah records the following names of officers of the Temple without stating their respective periods of...
TEMPLE OF HEROD – In the eighteenth year (20-19 B.C.) of his reign Herod rebuilt the Temple on a more magnificent scale. There are many evidences that he shared the passion for building by which many powerful men of that time were moved. He had...
TEMPLE OF MOUNT GERIZIM – See Gerizim, Mount.
TEMPLE OF ONIAS – See Leontopolis.
TEMPLE, PLAN OF SECOND – The plan and description of the Second Temple according to Talmudic sources were as follows:Mount Moriah, known as the "Har ha-Bayit" (Mount of the House), had an area of 500 × 500 cubits or ells (1 cubit = 21.85 inches). It was...
TEMPLE IN RABBINICAL LITERATURE – Site. Holy of Holies of the Temple at Jerusalem.(Reconstructed by Chipiez.)Mount Moriah, on which the Temple was erected, is known by tradition as the spot where Adam was born and where he built an altar to God; where Cain and...
TEMPLE, THE SECOND – The Temple of Solomon was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. (II Kings xxv. 9). It is usually supposed that its sacred site was desolate and unused for fifty years, until the accession of Cyrus made the rebuilding of the...
TEMPLE OF SOLOMON – Biblical Data: David, according to II Sam. vii. 2 et seq., desired to build a temple for Yhwh, but was not permitted to do so, although, according to the Chronicler (I Chron. xxii. 14 et seq.), he prepared for the building a...