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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LA PEYRERE, ISAAC – See Manasseh b. Israel.
LABAN – 1. Biblical Data: Son of Bethuel, grandnephew of Abraham, and maternal uncle and father in-law of Jacob. His home being in Aram-naharaim (Mesopotamia; Gen. xxiv. 10), otherwise known as Padan-aram (ib. xxviii. 5), he is called...
LABATT, ABRAHAM COHEN – American pioneer; born at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1802; died at Galveston, Texas, Aug. 16, 1899. He was one of the organizers of the Reform congregation in Charleston in 1825. In 1831 he removed to New Orleans, where he...
LABATT, LEONARD – Swedish dramatic tenor; born in Stockholm Dec. 4, 1838; died at Christiania, Norway, March 7, 1897. He studied under Günther and Masset, and made his début in 1866 at the Stora Teatern, Stockholm, in Mozart's "Die Zauberflöte."...
LABI – A Turkish family of rabbis. The most prominent members were:David b. Joseph ibn Labi: Turkish scholar of the sixteenth century; lived together with his brother Moses at Salonica, where his father was rabbi (c. 1540); the two...
LABI, JOSEPH IBN VIDAL – Prominent Spanish scholar and orator; son of the philosopher Solomon ibn Labi; lived at Saragossa. He was one of the twenty-five rabbis who by order of Pope Benedict XIII. assisted at the disputation of Tortosa (Feb. 7, 1413 =...
LABI HA-LEVI – See Leon ha-Levi.
LABI, SIMON – Spanish rabbi and scholar of the sixteenth century. He intended to go to the Holy Land, but when he arrived at Tripoli he found its Jewish community in such a state of disorganization that he deemed it more meritorious to remain...
LABOR – Biblical Data: Labor and the laborer are invested in Jewish literature with a dignity scarcely paralleled in other ancient religions or social systems. Whereas the deities of all the nations of antiquity are depicted as spending...
LACHISH – Siege of Lachish by the Troops of Sennacherib.(From Layard's "Monuments of Nineveh.")The city of Lachish was located in Judah (Josh. xv. 39). It is first heard of in Josh. x. 3 et seq. Its king, Japhia, together with the kings...
LADIER, DOB BÄR B. SHNEOR ZALMAN – Russian Ḥasidic rabbi; born about 1770; died 1834. He was the son of R. Shneor Zalman of Liady, the founder of the Ḥasidic sect known as "Ḥabad," and succeeded his father as their chief. He is the author of the following...
LADINO – See Judaeo-Spanish Language (Ladino) and Literature.
LADISLAUS – See Poland.
LADVOCAT, JEAN-BAPTISTE – Christian Hebraist; born at Vaucouleurs Jan. 3, 1709; died at Paris Dec. 29, 1765. Though he achieved particular distinction as a Hebraist and Biblical exegete, this was not the only branch of scholarship in which he excelled:...
LAG BA-OMER – See Omer.
LAGARDE, PAUL ANTON DE – German Orientalist; born in Berlin Nov. 2, 1827; died in Göttingen Dec. 22, 1891. His father was Wilhelm Bötticher; and his earlier writings (1847-52) were published under the name "P. A. Bötticher," the name De Lagarde, which...
LAGARTO, JACOB – South-American rabbi and Talmudist of the seventeenth century; probably a son of Simon Lagarto of Amsterdam. He went to Brazil when a young man, and about 1680 was ḥakam of the Jews at Tamarica. He was the author of a work...
LAGUNA, DANIEL ISRAEL LOPEZ – Spanish poet; born in Portugal about the middle of the seventeenth century of Marano parents, who subsequently settled in southern France. He studied the humanities at a Spanish university. Persecuted and imprisoned by the...
LAIBACH – Capital of the Austrian province of Carniola. The first mention of Jews in Laibach dates from 1213, when it is recorded that they rebuilt their synagogue much handsomer than it was before. The usual accusations against Jews in...
L'ALBENC – See Dauphiné.
LAMA – See Loans, Elijah ben Moses.
LAMB IN SACRIFICE – See Sacrifice.
LAMBERT, MAYER – French Orientalist; born Dec. 23, 1863, at Metz; son of Elie Lambert, author of religious text-books, grandson of Chief Rabbi Lion Mayer Lambert of Metz, great-grandson of Chief Rabbi Aaron of Worms, and descendant through the...
LAMDEN – Late Hebrew expression for a man who is well informed in rabbinical literature, although not a scholar in the technical sense of the term ("talmid ḥakam"); it does not seem to have been used before the eighteenth century....
LAMECH – 1. Descendant of Cain (Gen. iv. 18-24). He had two wives, Adah and Zillah. Adah bore him two sons, Jabal (the father of such as dwell in tents) and Jubal (the father of such as handle the harp and organ). Zillah had one son...