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BELMONTE, B. E. COLAÇO – Lawyer and writer in Surinam, Dutch West Indies, about the middle of the eighteenth century. He published "Over de Hervorming van het Regeringostelsel in Nederlandsch West-Indië" (Leyden, 1857); "Werkzaamheden der Surinamsche...
BELMONTE, BENVENIDA COHEN – Poetess; lived in London at the beginning of the eighteenth century. She was a sister of the Mæcenas Mordecai Nuñez Almeyda, and was among those who sang the praise of Lopez Laguna's "Espejo Fiel de Vidas" (London, 1720). She...
BELMONTE, FRANCISCO DE XIMENES – Dutch diplomat; lived at Amsterdam during the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a nephew of Baron Manuel de Belmonte, whom he succeeded in 1706 as resident of the king of Spain in the Netherlands. The office of...
BELMONTE, ISAAC NUÑEZ – One of the most prominent of Oriental casuists; son of Moses Nuñez Belmonte; lived in Smyrna at the end of the eighteenth century, and at the beginning of the nineteenth. He published a commentary upon the first and second parts...
BELMONTE, ISAAC NUÑEZ (Don Manuel de) – Dutch statesman; born in Amsterdam; died there in 1704. He was not a son of Jacob Belmonte who came from Madeira in 1614, as no mention is made of a son Isaac in the records of the Portuguese community at Amsterdam. From the...
BELMONTE, JACOB ISRAEL – One of the founders of the Portuguese-Jewish community of Amsterdam, his colleagues being Jacob Tirado and Solomon Palache; born on the island of Madeira in 1570; died at Amsterdam Dec. 4, 1629. He married Simḥah (Gimar) Vaz,...
BELMONTE, MOSES – Poet and translator; eighth child of Jacob Belmonte; born 1619; died at Amsterdam May 29, 1647. He was a pupil of Saul Morteira, whose sermons ("Gib'at Sha'ul," 1645) he edited together with Benjamin Diaz. His poem "Argumenta...
BELMONTE, MOSES BEN JOSEPH – Writer in Amsterdam during the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a poem in Hebrew prefixed to the edition of the Pentateuch and Hafṭarot published by S. Rodrigues Mendes (Amsterdam, 1726), and of...
BELMONTE, SOLOMON ABENDANA – Jurist; born in Hamburg 1843; died there March 19, 1888. He was educated at the Johanneum and the gymnasium in that city; then studied law at the universities of Berlin, Heidelberg, and Göttingen; and practised as an advocate in...
BELORADO – A city in the Spanish province of Burgos, which had Jewish inhabitants as early as the end of the eleventh century. The fuero, or charter of the city, granted by Alonzo el Batallador in 1116, and confirmed two hundred years...
BELOVAR – Town in Croatia, Austria. The Jewish community of Belovar was founded about 1877, when some fifty Jewish families settled there.While in Belovar, Moritz Grünwald published there the "Jüdisch-Literarisches Centralblatt." The...
BELSHAZZAR – Biblical Data: King of Babylon mentioned in Dan. v. and viii. as the son of Nebuchadnezzar and as the last king before the advent of the Medes and Persians. The Greek form Βαλτάζαρ is used both for the Hebrew "Belshasar," or...
BELTESHAZZAR – The name given to Daniel by the chief of the eunuchs (Dan. i. 7). The writer of the Book of Daniel sees in the first syllable the god Bel, but it is more probable that the name is to be explained as the Babylonian "balaṭsu [or...
BELTRAN, DIEGO DE HIDALGO – Poet; Spanish Marano of the seventeenth century; son of a Jew from Murcia. He was noted as an editor and commentator of Spanish popular poetry. The following charming example of the redondilla (roundelay) is from his pen:"O...
BEMAH – See Almemar.
BEMIDBAR – The Hebrew name for the Book of Numbers (see Numbers)J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEMIDBAR RABBAH – Relation to Tanḥuma. The Midrash commentary upon Numbers, called in the editio princeps of Constantinople (1512) "Bemidbar Sinai Rabbah," and so cited frequently by Naḥmanides and others. It is the latest component of the...
BEMOẒA'E MENUḤAH – The "pizmon" of the "seliḥot" on the first Sunday in the octave preceding the New-Year, and therefore honored with a special melody. The first verse of the hymn is also chanted in some German congregations (Minhag Ashkenaz) in...
BEN-ABINADAB – Commissariat officer of Solomon who married a daughter of his royal master. He was stationed in the district of Dor; that is, the modern Tanturah (I Kings iv. 11, R. V.).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEN ADRET SOLOMON B. ABR – See Adret.
BEN AMI – See Rabinovich, I. M.
BEN-AMMI – Son of Lot, and ancestor of the Ammonites (Gen. xix. 38).G. G. B. L.
BEN ASHER – See Aaron ben Moses ben Asher.
BEN-AVIGDOR – Russian Hebrew novelist and publisher; born in Zheludok, government of Wilna, in 1867. He received the usual Biblical and Talmudical education, and was expected by his parents to become a rabbi; but he was attracted by modern...
BEN 'AZZAI – Connection with the Canon. A distinguished tanna of the first third of the second century. His full name was Simon b. 'Azzai, to which sometimes the title "Rabbi" is prefixed. But, in spite of his great learning, this title did...