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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BENJAMIN B. ELIJAH BEER – See Beer, Benjamin b. Elijah.
BENJAMIN B. GIDDEL, R – A Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (fourth century), contemporary of R. Aḥa III. (Yer. Ma'as. Sh. v. 56b; Yer. Yeb. i. 2b). His name is but rarely met with in the Talmud, and then only in the Halakah (Yer. Ma'as. i....
BENJAMIN GINZAKAYAH – A Babylonian scholar of the third century, contemporary of Mar Samuel. All that is known of him is that death overtook him when he was on the point of deciding a ritual question in accordance with the views of Rab, as opposed to...
BENJAMIN, HILLEL – Polish architect of the second half of the eighteenth century; born at Lasko. He was the builder of the synagogue at Lutomierz, which was constructed during the reign of the last king of Poland, Stanislaus August I. Benjamin...
BENJAMIN B. IHI – A Babylonian scholar of the second and third amoraic generations (third century); brother of Abbahu b. Ihi, the disciple of Samuel. Both brothers, while intensely exclusive and diffident, so that they would have no dealings with...
BENJAMIN B. ISAAC OF CARCASSONNE – This scholar is known only by his translation from Latin into Hebrew, under the title of "'Ezer Eloah" (Divine Help), of the work of Jean de Bourgogne, of the province of Liége, on the corruption of the air by the plague. This...
BENJAMIN B. JAPHET – A Palestinian scholar of the third amoraic generation (third century), disciple of R. Johanan and senior to R. Zeïra I. (Ber. 33a, 38b; Ket. 77a). He cultivated both the Halakah and the Haggadah; in his halakic deliverances,...
BENJAMIN B. JEHIEL HA-LEVI – Polish Talmudist; lived at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Gib'at Benjamin" (Benjamin's Height), Lublin, 1617, an alphabetical index to Jacob b. Asher's four Ṭurim. The book is very rare, never...
BENJAMIN BEN JOAB – Payyeṭan; lived at Montalcino in the fourteenth century. His printed poems are: (1) A metrical introduction to the "Nishmat" for Passover. Every strophe of this poem has ten lines of seven syllables. (2) A seliḥah of five...
BENJAMIN B. JUDAH LOEB COHEN – See Benasch, Benjamin.
BENJAMIN, JUDAH PHILIP – American statesman and lawyer; born at St. Croix, West Indies, in 1811; died in Paris, May 6, 1884. His parents were English, Jews who, some years before his birth, had removed from London to St. Croix, then a British island, in...
BENJAMIN B. JUDAH OF ROME – See Bozecchi.
BENJAMIN B. LEVI, R. – A Palestinian amora of the fourth century (third or fourth generation), junior contemporary of R. Ammi and R. Isaac (Yer. Peah i. 15a), and senior to Abin II. (Yer. Pes. vii. 34c; Yer. Hor. i. 46a). His name is connected with...
BENJAMIN B. MATTITHIAH – Author of a large collection of responsa; flourished in Turkey in the first half of the sixteenth century. His occupation was that of a merchant ("Benjamin Ze'eb," p. 14b), but he also served as a member of the rabbinical...
BENJAMIN BEN MEÏR – Polish Talmudist and preacher; lived at Brody, Galicia, in the first half of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Imre Binyamin" (The Words of Benjamin), a homiletic commentary upon the first three books of the Pentateuch...
BENJAMIN B. MEÏR HA-LEVI OF NUREMBERG – Rabbi at Salonica at the beginning of the sixteenth century. Although German by birth, being a descendant of Jacob Molin, he was greatly esteemed by the Spanish-Portuguese Jews of Salonica, and was sent by the entire Jewish...
BENJAMIN, MICHAEL HENRY – South African politician; born in London in 1822; died June 11, 1879.Early in life Benjamin went to Cape Colony (about the year 1849), and for ten years resided at Graaff-Reinet, where he was the promoter of several useful...
BENJAMIN, MOSES – Beni-Israel military officer; born in 1830; died at Bombay in December, 1897. The son of a subedar (captain), he joined the Twelfth Bombay Native Infantry as a private. While a non-commissioned officer he was entrusted with the...
BENJAMIN BEN MOSES – Italian scholar; lived at Rome at the beginning of the fifteenth century. He took an active part in the administration of the Jewish community of Rome, and was one of the delegates to the assembly of the Italian Jewish...
BENJAMIN BEN MOSES NAHAWENDI – Karaite scholar and philosopher; flourished at Nahawend, Persia, at the end of the eighth century and the beginning of the ninth. According to the Karaite historian Solomon ben Jeroham—the contemporary of Saadia Gaon—Karaism...
BENJAMIN NABON, JERUSALEM – See Nabon, Benjamin.
BENJAMIN 'OZER B. MEÏR – Polish Talmudist; died at Zolkiev May 25, 1810. He was rabbi in Clementow, and afterward head of the yeshibah at Zolkiev. He wrote "Eben Ozer" (Stone of Salvation), published by his grandson, Aaron b. Loeb of Pintschew (Zolkiev,...
BENJAMIN SALONICA – See Slonik, Benjamin B. Aaron Abraham.
BENJAMIN, SAMUEL – French soldier in the Carlist expedition against Madrid in 1837; distinguished for bravery and remarkable devotion to Boulan de Brie, a lieutenant in the regiment in which he served. When De Brie was mortally wounded Benjamin...