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BENEDIKT, MORIZ – Austrian neurologist; born at Eisenstadt, Hungary, July 6, 1835. Upon his graduation from the University of Vienna, where he had prepared himself for his professional career under Hyrtl, Brücke, Skoda, Oppolzer, Arlt, and...
BENEDIKT, RUDOLPH – Austrian chemist; born at Döbling July 12, 1852; died in Vienna Feb. 6, 1896. He was educated at the Polytechnic (HighSchool) of Vienna, where in 1872 he was appointed an assistant lecturer of technical chemistry. In 1876 he was...
BENET, MORDECAI B. ABRAHAM (MARCUS BENEDICT) – A Gifted Child. Talmudist and chief rabbi of Moravia; born in 1753 at Csurgό, a small vil lage in the county of Stuhlweissenburg, Hungary; died at Carlsbad Aug. 12, 1829. As Benet's parents were very poor and consequently unable...
BENET (BENEDICT), NAPHTALI BEN MORDECAI – Author and rabbi; born at the end of the eighteenth century; died October, 1857, at Schafa, Moravia, where he was rabbi. He was the author of the following works: (1) "Berit Melaḥ" (Covenant of Salt), Prague, 1816, a collection...
BENEVENTO – City in southern Italy; capital of the province of the same name; about 32 miles northeast of the city of Naples. Benjamin of Tudela visited it about 1165, and found there 200 Jewish families, having at their head three...
BENFELDEN – Town in Alsace, 17 miles from Strasburg. It was here, in the year 1348, when Europe was devastated by the Black Death (the spread of which was ascribed to the Jews), that a council was held of the representatives of the towns in...
BENFEY, THEODOR – German Sanskritist and comparative philologist; born at Nörten, Hanover, Jan. 28, 1809; became a convert to Christianity in 1848; died June 26, 1881. His father, who had seven children besides Theodor, was a Jewish merchant...
BENGAZI – City of Tripoli, Africa, on the east coast of the Gulf of Sidra. Little is known of the first settlement of the Jews there; according to local traditions, they came originally from Tripoli.The chief rabbis of the community in...
BENHAM, ARTHUR – Dramatic author; born 1875; died at Brighton, Eng., Sept. 8, 1895. He was a playwright of considerable promise, and was the author of two plays, "The County" and "The Awakening"—the latter produced for a short run at the...
BENI-ISRAEL – Native Jews of India, dwelling mainly in the presidency of Bombay and known formerly by the name of Shanvar Telis ("Saturday Oil-Pressers") in allusion to their chief occupation and their Sabbath-day. The Beni-Israel avoided the...
BENISCH, ABRAHAM – Journalist and theologian; born at Drosau, a small town eight miles southwest of Klattau, Bohemia, in 1811; died at Hornsey Rise, a suburb of London, England, July 31, 1878. He studied surgery in Prague about 1836—while a...
BENJACOB, ISAAC B. JACOB – Russian bibliographer, author, and publisher; born in Ramgola, near Wilna, Jan. 10, 1801; died in Wilna July 2, 1863. His parents moved to Wilna when he was still a child, and there he received instruction in Hebrew grammar and...
BENJAMIN – Biblical Data: Youngest son of Jacob by Rachel, who died on the road between Beth-el and Ephrath, while giving him birth. She named him "Ben-oni" (son of my sorrow); but Jacob, to avert the evil omen, called him "Ben Yamin," son...
BENJAMIN II., J. J – Benjamin II.Rumanian traveler; born at Folticheni, Moldavia, in 1818; died at London May 3, 1864. Married young, he engaged in the lumber business, but losing his modest fortune, he gave up commerce. Being of an adventurous...
BENJAMIN, R. – A tanna of the second century, contemporary of R. Eleazar ben Shammu'a, with whom he carried on some halakic controversy (Ket. 84a). He is also mentioned in connection with Symmachus (Niddah 21b); and elsewhere (Sem. ix.) he...
BENJAMIN BEN AARON – asidic writer; lived toward the end of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of Israel Ba'al Shem-Ṭob, and of Baer of Meseritz. Later, in 1790, he was a preacher at Zlazitz. He was the author of the following works: (1) "Ṭure...
BENJAMIN AARON B. ABRAHAM – See Slonik, Benjamin Aaron b. Abraham.
BENJAMIN B. ABRAHAM ANAV – See Anaw, Benjamin b. Abraham.
BENJAMIN ALESSANDRO KOHEN VITAL – See Coen, Benjamin Alessandro Vitale.
BENJAMIN B. 'ASHTOR – A Palestinian halakist of the third amoraic generation, contemporary of R. Ḥiyya b. Abba and senior to R. Hezekiah (Yer. Bik. i. 64a). He is also cited as simply Bar'Ashtor, without his prænomen, ib.J. Sr. S. M....
BENJAMIN ASYA – A Babylonian rabbinic scholar of the third and fourth amoraic generations (fourth century), contemporary of Rab Joseph and Raba, and founder of a school named after him, Debe Minyomi Asya. It is reported that the disciples of...
BENJAMIN, SIR BENJAMIN – Mayor of Melbourne; born at London in 1836. At the age of nine he accompanied his parents to Victoria. Associating himself at first with the firm of Benjamin & Co., merchants, he subsequently entered into partnership with the...
BENJAMIN OF CANTERBURY – English rabbi; disciple of Rabbi Tam; died at the beginning of the thirteenth century. He is mentioned in the list of medieval rabbis drawn up by Solomon Luria (see Grätz, "Gesch. der Juden," vi. 365). Only one halakic decision...
BENJAMIN, DAVID – Communal worker; born in London in 1815; died there June 25, 1893. In 1835 he emigrated to Australia; and, while in Tasmania, assisted in founding a synagogue. Soon afterward he settled in Melbourne, joining his brother Solomon,...
BENJAMIN B. DAVID CASES – See Cases, Benjamin b. David.