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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BEN NAZAR – See Odenathus.
BEN-ONI – A play upon the name "Benjamin." According to Gen. xxxv. 18, it was the name given by the dying Rachel to her son Benjamin. See Benjamin.J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEN PORATH – See Manasseh ben Joseph of Ilye.
BEN SIRA, ALPHABET OF – A small book containing a double list of proverbs—twenty-two Aramaic and twenty-two Hebrew—alphabetically arranged, and a haggadic commentary on them, enriched with fables and legends. Corresponding to their linguistic...
BEN TEMALION – A demon mentioned in the Talmud. When the Jewish sages, with Simon b. Yoḥai at their head, went to Rome to obtain the revocation of certain edicts hostile to the Jews, the demon Ben Temalion appeared before them and ofered his...
BEN-TIGLA – See Ben-La'anah.
BEN UZZIEL – See Hirsch, Samson Raphael.
BEN YASUS – See Isaac ibn Jasos ibn Saktar.
BEN ZAKKAI – See Johanan b. Zakkai.
BEN-ZE'EB, JUDAH LÖB – Admitted to the Haskalah. First Jewish grammarian and lexicographer of modern times; born near Cracow 1764; died at Vienna March 12, 1811. He received the religious education common to the Jews of Poland in those days. He...
BEN ZITA – See Eleazar ben Ziṭa Abu al-Sari.
BEN ZOMA – Tanna of the first third of the second century. His full name is Simon b. Zoma without the title "Rabbi"; for, like Ben 'Azzai, he remained in the grade of "pupil," and is often mentioned together with Ben 'Azzai as a...
BENAIAH – Biblical Data: 1. One of the Bene Parosh who took foreign wives (Ezra x. 25); in I Esd. ix. 26 he is called "Baanias."2. One of the Bene Pahath-moab in the same list (Ezra x. 30), called "Naidus" in I Esd. ix. 31.3. One of the...
BENAMOZEGH, ELIJAH – Italian rabbi; born at Leghorn in 1822; died there Feb. 6, 1900. His father (Abraham) and mother (Clara), natives of Fez, Morocco, died when Elijah was only four years old. The orphan early entered school, where, besides...
BENARY, FRANZ FERDINAND – German Orientalist; born at Cassel March 22, 1805; died at Berlin Feb. 7, 1880. The exact date of Benary's conversion to Christianity has not been ascertained, but it is known that, after studying theology and philology at the...
BENARY, KARL ALBERT AGATHON – German philologist; born at Cassel 1807; died 1860; brother of Franz Ferdinand Benary. He received his education at the gymnasia of Göttingen and Erfurt, studied classical philology (1824-27) at the universities of Göttingen and...
BENAS, BARON L. – English communal worker; born in Liverpool, England, 1844. Has been throughout his life a leading figure in the Liverpool Old Hebrew congregation, of which he is one of the trustees.During the Russian emigration of 1882 he...
BENASH, BENJAMIN – Cabalist of the beginning of the eighteenth century; son of Judah Löb Cohen of Krotoschin, Prussia. He wrote the "Shem-Ṭob Ḳaṭan"—extracts from alleged works of Isaac Luria and Moses Naḥmanides, and containing various prayers...
BENCEMERO – Mediator, in 1526, between the Moors and the governor of Saffee and Azamor, employed by the Portuguese. He lived at Azamor on the west coast of Africa. Abraham Cazan (Ḥazan), the most prominent Jew of that city, was also...
BENCEMERO, ISAAC – Relative of Abraham Bencemero of Azamor, the deliverer of Nuno Fernandes d'Atayde, commander-in-chief of Saffee. When in 1511 this latter city was besieged and surrounded by an army of more than 100,000 men and Atayde was...
BENDAVID, LAZARUS – German philosopher and reformer; born in Berlin Oct. 18, 1762; died there March 28, 1832. In his younger days he supported himself by polishing glasses, and in his leisure time studied mathematics, in which he attained great...
BENDEMANN, EDUARD JULIUS FRIEDRICH – German painter; born Dec. 3, 1811, in Berlin; died Dec. 27, 1889, at Düsseldorf. His father was a prominent banker of Berlin and associated with the intellectual circles of the capital. His talented son was therefore at an early...
BENDEMANN, RUDOLF CHRISTIAN EUGEN – German painter; born at Dresden Nov. 11, 1851; died May, 1884, at Pegli, near Genoa, Italy; educated at the Düsseldorf Academy under the supervision of his father, Eduard Bendemann. From 1877 to 1879 he lived at Munich, and...
BENDER, ALFRED PHILIPP – Rabbi at Cape Town, South Africa; born at Dublin, Ireland, 1863; educated by his father, Rev. Philipp Bender, for many years rabbi of the Dublin congregation. Bender finished his education at St. John's College, Cambridge, Eng.,...
BENDER, JOHANN HEINRICH – German jurist; born at Frankfort May or Sept. 29, 1797; died there Sept. 6, 1859. He studied law at Giessen, where he was also lecturer from 1819 to 1823. In 1831 he went to Frankfort to practise law, and five years later he was...