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HELA – See Ela.
HELAM – A place east of the Jordan where the Syrians under Hadarezer were defeated by David (II Sam. x. 16, 17). The Vulgate, following Aquila, and in consideration of the different spellings of the name in the two verses, renders...
ḤELBO – Amora who flourished about the end of the third century, and who is frequently mentioned in both Talmuds. It seems that Ḥelbo was at first in Babylon, where he studied under Huna, the head of the Academy of Sura, and that, like...
HELD, ANNA – French comedienne; born Sept. 19, 1880, in Paris; educated at Fontainebleau. Her début was made in "Miss Helyett" at the Folies Manguy, Paris, Sept. 19, 1895. Since then she has appeared in many plays, her most successful parts...
HELDAI – 1. Captain of the service of the Temple for the twelfth month in the time of David; a native of Netophah and a descendant of Othniel (I Chron. xxvii. 15). In the parallel list in I Chron. xi. 30 his name is given as "Heled." 2....
HELENA – Queen of Adiabene, wife of Monobaz I., and mother of Monobaz II.; died about 56 C.E. Her name and the fact that she was her husband's sister (Josephus, "Ant." xx. 2, § 1) show that she was of Greek origin. She became a convert...
HELEZ – 1. One of David's thirty guards, and captain for the seventh month of the service of the Temple; an Ephraimite (II Sam. xxiii. 26; I Chron. xi. 27, xxvii. 10). In the first passage he is called "the Paltite," in the last two...
HELICON – Court fool, and a favorite of the Roman emperor Caligula (37-41); an Egyptian by birth. He appears to have been especially fond of deriding the Jews. With Apelles of Ascalon he helped bring about the failure of the embassy of...
HELIN, ABRAHAM BEN JACOB MOSES – German rabbi; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Helin was on his father's side a great-grandson of Solomon Luria, and was chief rabbi of Warta (Poland) and Glogau. During his stay at Vienna, Helin wrote: "Zera'...
HELIN, JACOB MOSES BEN ABRAHAM ASHKENAZI – Polish Talmudist; born about 1625; died about 1700. He studied at Lublin under R. Naphtali ha-Kohen and R. Heshel, and was the son-in-law of Löb Heller, rabbi of Satanow. Helin was the author of "Yede Mosheh," a commentary with...
HELIODORUS – Treasurer or, according to II Macc. iii.7, R. V., chancellor of Seleucus IV., Philopator. At the instigation of Apollonius, Seleucus sent Heliodorus to Jerusalem to seize the treasure of the Temple. The high priest Onias...
HELIOPOLIS (ON) – Egyptian city, whence came Poti-pherah, Joseph's father-in-law (Gen. xli. 45, 50; xlvi. 20). It is mentioned also in Ezek. xxx. 17, where the punctuation , Awen, is to be corrected to , On. The versions render "Heliopolis" in...
HELKATH HAZZURIM – Name of the place where the combat between Joab's and Abner's men took place, in which all on both sides were slain (II Sam. ii. 16). It appears from the passage that the name means "the field of the sword-edges." The Septuagint...
HELKIAS – See Ananias, Son of Onias IV.
HELL – See Gehenna.
HELLENISM – Word used to express the assimilation, especially by the Jews, of Greek speech, manners, and culture, from the fourth century B.C. through the first centuries of the common era. Post-exilic Judaism was largely recruited from...
HELLER, ISIDOR – Austrian author; born May 5, 1816, at Jung-Bunzlau, Bohemia; died at Arco, Tyrol, Dec. 19, 1879. He was studying to become a rabbi when (1837) his unsteady disposition drove him to France to join the French foreign legion. After...
HELLER, JEHIEL B. AARON – Russian rabbi; born in Koidanov, government of Minsk. 1814; died at Plungian, government of Kovno, Nov. 14, 1861. He was a descendant of Rabbi Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller. Jehiel was successively rabbi at Glusk (1836-43), Volkovisk...
HELLER, JOSHUA BEN AARON – Russian rabbi and preacher; born 1814; died at Telshi, government of Kovno, June 2, 1880. After having been for several years preacher in Grodno, Heller was appointed chief rabbi of Polangen, Courland, and afterward chief rabbi...
HELLER, MENAHEM – See Heller, Ẓebi Hirsch.
HELLER, SELIGMANN – Austrian poet and journalist; born at Raudnitz, Bohemia, July 8, 1831; died in Vienna Jan. 8, 1890. After completing his course at the University of Vienna, where he studied philology and law, he engaged in business with his...
HELLER, STEPHEN – Hungarian pianist and composer; born at Budapest May 15, 1815; died in Paris Jan. 14, 1888. He was originally destined for the law, but soon decided to devote his life to music.At the age of nine he had already been sufficiently...
HELLER, YOM-ṬOB LIPMANN BEN NATHAN BEN MOSES LEVI – Rabbi and liturgical poet; born at Wallerstein, Bavaria, 1579; died at Cracow Sept. 7, 1654. Erroneously the editor of the "Megillat Ebah" concludes from his epitaph that Heller died April 23; Hock ("Gal 'Ed," p. 65) gives Aug....
HELLER, ẒEBI HIRSCH – Hungarian rabbi; died at Alt-Ofen Oct. 28, 1834. Heller was rabbi at Bonyhád. In 1834 he was called to Alt-Ofen as successor to Moses Münz, but had hardly begun his ministry when he died. Ẓebi Hirsch Chajes, rabbi of Zolkiev; S....
HELMET – In olden times the helmet seems to have been worn only by kings, military officers, and other important officials. At least, it is mentioned only of Goliath and Saul that they had brazen helmets (I Sam. xvii. 5, 38). Not until...