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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HERMENEUTICS – See Bible Exegesis; Methodology; Talmud.
HERMES, BOOKS OF – Hermes (the Greek Mercury), in popular belief the leader of souls to Hades, was in later times identified in Egypt with the local god Thot, who was also the messenger of the gods and the heavenly scribe and inventor of writing....
HERMON – Mountain on the northeastern border of Palestine; the culminating point of the Anti-Lebanon range, at the springs of the Jordanand adjoining the plateau of Bashan (Deut. iii. 8; Josh. xi. 17, xii. 1; I Chron. v. 23). The name is...
HEROD I – King of Judea 40-4 B.C.; founder of the Herodian dynasty; born about 73 B.C.; son of Antipater, and, consequently, of Idumean origin. It is said that when he was a boy of twelve an Essene named Menahem predicted that he would...
HEROD II. – King of Chalcis; son of Aristobulus and Berenice; grandson of Herod I. and the first Mariamne; brother of Agrippa I. and Herodias; died 48-49 C.E. He first married Mariamne, granddaughter of Herod I. From this union came...
HEROD AGRIPPA I – See Agrippa I.
HEROD AGRIPPA II – See Agrippa II.
HEROD ANTIPAS – See Antipas (Herod Antipas).
HEROD PHILIP – See Philip Herod.
HERODIAN DYNASTY, PEDIGREE OF – On page 361 is a genealogical tree of the family of Herod, which succeeded the Hasmoneans. The family was of Idumean origin, its most distinguished representative being Herod the Great. Antipater and his direct descendants are...
HERODIANS – Priestly party under the reign of King Herod and his successors; called by the Rabbis "Boethusians," as adherents of the family of Boethus, whose daughter Mariamne was one of the wives of King Herod, and whose sons were...
HERODIAS – Pedigree of the Herodian Dynasty. Daughter of Aristobulus and Berenice and granddaughter of Herod I. and of his sister Salome. She was first married to her uncle Herod (not Philip, as in Mark vi. 17; see Schürer, "Gesch." i....
HERODIUM – Fortified city three leagues south of Jerusalem; founded by Herod I. It was built on a rocky and rugged hill. Its citadel contained royal apartments of great strength and splendor, and served as a sarcophagus for Herod. In the...
HERON – Enumerated among the unclean birds (Lev. xi. 19 [R. V. margin, "ibis"]; Deut. xiv. 18; comp. Targ. , where the context points to some bird of the Ardeidœ family). There are at least seven species of heron common in Palestine,...
HERRERA, ALONZO DE – Cabalist; born in Spain; died in Amsterdam, Holland, 1631. According to D. L. de Barrios, Herrera was descended from the famous Spanish commander, Fernandez Gonzalo de Cordova ("the Great Captain"). He represented the Sultan of...
HERRMANN, LEO – French painter; born in Paris July 12, 1853. He was a student at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts at Paris, and exhibited his first picture, "A Bout d'Argument," in the Paris Salon of 1875. It was followed in 1876 by "La Bonne...