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HABOR – River flowing through the land of Gozan; the classical "Chaboras." To the banks of this river Tiglath-pileser carried "the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah and Habor" (I...
HACHILAH, HILL OF – A hill in the wooded country of the wilderness of Ziph, where David hid himself from Saul (I Sam. xxiii. 19; xxvi. 1, 3).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HACHMONI, THE SON OF – 1. Jashobeam, one of David's mighty men (I Chron. xi. 11). 2. Jehiel, tutor of David's children (ib. xxvii.32). The former, however, occurs in the English Authorized Version as "an Hachmonite." In the parallel list of II Sam....
HACHUEL, SOL – Moorish martyr; beheaded at Fez 1834. On account of domestic troubles she fled from her home to some Mohammedan friends. Two women among these testified that she had agreed to resign herself to the Mohammedan faith. She refused...
ḤAD GADYA – An Aramaic song, which is recited at the conclusion of the Seder service, held on the first two evenings of the Passover ("Pesaḥ") festival in Jewish households (see Haggadah). It is so called after the introductory phrase,...
HADAD – Name of an Aramaic, and possibly of an Edomitish, deity. It occurs as an element in personal names, for instance, in "Hadadezer," "Benhadad" (see Baudissin, "Studien zur Semitischen Religionsgesch." i. 310). In these compound...
HADAD – Name of several Idumean kings, the meaning of which is "a loud noise." It was primitively the name of an Aramean divinity and formed a part of various Aramean theophorous names, as "Hadadrimmon" and "Hadadezer." The name was...
HADADEZER – Son of Rehob, and King of Aram-zobah, who, while he was on his way to establish his dominion on the Euphrates, was defeated by David, suffering great loss in chariots, horses, and men (II Sam. viii. 3-12; I Chron. xviii. 3, 4; I...
HADADRIMMON – See Tammuz; Hadad.
HADAMARD, AUGUSTE – French painter; born at Metz 1823; died in Paris 1886. A pupil of Paul Delaroche, he established himself at Paris, where, in addition to painting, he sketched for the illustrated papers. Among his works the most noticeable are:...
HADAMARD, ZĖLIE – French actress; born at Oran, Algeria, in 1849. The daughter of an army interpreter and professor of Arabic, she wentto Paris and passed at the Conservatoire, making her stage début at the Odéon. After playing in Brussels and...
HADASSAH – Earlier name of Esther, Mordecai's cousin (Esth. ii. 7). The name "Hadassah" occurs here only. It is not given by the Septuagint. In the Vulgate the name is given as "Edissa." See Esther.E. G. H. B. P.
HADASSI, JUDAH BEN ELIJAH HAABEL – Contents of the "Eshkol." Karaite scholar, controversialist, and liturgist; flourished at Constantinople in the middle of the twelfth century. Regarding the name "ha-Abel," which signifies "mourner for Zion," see Abele Zion....
ḤADDAD, ISAAC – Talmudic scholar of Gerba (an island near Tunis), where he died in 1755. He was a pupil of Ẓemaḥ ha-Kohen, and was the author of two works, "Toledot Yiẓḥaḳ," novellæ on Haggadah and Midrashim (Leghorn, 1761), and "Ḳarne Re'em,"...
HADES – See Sheol.
HADID – City mentioned with Lod and Ono (Ezra ii. 33; Neh. vii. 37; xi. 34, 35). From the last-given passage it would seem that Hadid was a Benjamite town, though it is not given in the list in Joshua (xviii. 21-28). An "Adida"...
ḤADIDA, ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH – Spanish Talmudist of the fifteenth century. He was the author of a commentary (unpublished) to Ecclesiastes, Esther, and the Haggadah ("Cat. De Rossi," No. 177). He is quoted in the Responsa of Joseph di Trani (i., No....
ḤADITH – An Arabic word signifying "narrative" or "communication"; the name given to sayings traced to the prophet Mohammed, or to reports of his actions by eye-witnesses. The authenticity of the ḥadith depends upon the value of the...
HADLAI – An Ephraimite; father of Amasa, who was one of the chiefs of his tribe in the time of Pekah (II Chron. xxviii. 12).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HADORAM – 1. Son of Joktan; progenitor of one of the Arabian tribes (Gen. x. 27; I Chron. i. 21). 2. Son of Tou, King of Hamath; sent by his father to congratulate David after his victory over Hadadezer, bearing presents in gold, silver,...
HADRACH – Name occurring in Zech. ix. 1. The connection seems to indicate that it was the country in which Damascus was situated, or a neighboring locality. The Septuagint translates the name as "Sedrach." It has been suggested that...
HADRIAN – Roman emperor (117-138). At the very beginning of his reign he was called upon to suppress the final outbreaks of Jewish rebellion at Cyrene and Alexandria. According to a late but trustworthy source, he is said to have enticed...
HAFFKINE, WALDEMAR MORDECAI WOLFF – Bacteriologist; born at Odessa, Russia, 1860; graduated from the University of Odessa in 1884 (D.Sc.). He resided for the five following years at Odessa, working in the zoological museum of the university. His researches...
HAFṬARAH – That portion of the Prophets read immediately after the reading of the Torah in the morning services on Sabbaths, feast-days, and the Ninth of Ab, and in the afternoon services on fast-days. The passage chosen usually contains...
ḤAFZ (IBN AL-BIRR) AL-ḲUṬI – Author of the eleventh century, or earlier; according to Steinschneider, possibly identical with Ḥafz (Ḥefeẓ) b. Yaẓliaḥ. Ḥafz al-Ḳuṭi translated the Book of Psalms into Arabic rime. Moses ibn Ezra, in his "Kitab al-Muḥaḍarah,"...