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HANANEEL BEN ḤUSHIEL – Rabbi of Kairwan; Biblical and Talmudical commentator; born at Kairwan about 990; died, according to Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," 98b), in 1050. It seems that his father, Ḥushiel, was his only master, but as by correspondence he...
HANANIAH – 1. A son of Heman the singer, and chief of the sixteenth of the twenty-four musical divisions into which the Levites were divided by King David (I Chron. xxv. 4, 23). 2. One of the captains of King Uzziah's army (II Chron. xxvi....
HANANIAH (AḤUNAI) – Exilarch (761-771?). He was a younger brother of Anan ben David, the founder of Karaism; according to the Karaites, whose contention was that Anan's father was the son of the exilarch Ḥasdai, he was a nephew of Solomon ben...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) – Palestinian amora of the third and fourth centuries; junior of Ḥiyya b. Abba and Ze'era I. (Yer. Ber. vii. 11b). He was frequently described as the "comrade of the Rabbis" ( ). In the Babylonian Talmud he is never cited with his...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) – Palestinian scholar of the fourth amoraic generation (fourth century); nephew of R. Hoshaiah, junior of Ze'era I., and contemporary of Jose II. (Yer. Ta'an. i. 64a, where hisname is erroneously given as "Ḥanaiah"). Once he is...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) – Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Judah b. Bathyra, Matteya b. Ḥeresh, and Jonathan (Sifre, Deut. 80). Who his father was is not stated; nor is anything known of his early years. He was named after his grandfather,...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) B. 'AḲABIA (AKIBA) – Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Judah b. 'Ilai (M. Ḳ. 21a), and probably one of the younger pupils of Gamaliel II. (Ket. viii. 1). His name rarely appears in connection with haggadot; but he was firmly grounded in...
HANANIAH B. 'AḲASHIAH – Tanna whose name became very popular by reason of a single homiletic remark, as follows: "The Holy One—blessed be He!—desired to enlarge Israel's merits; therefore He multiplied for them Torah and commandments, as it is said...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) B. ḤAKINAI – Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Ben 'Azzai and Simon the Temanite (Tosef., Ber. iv. 18; see Ḥalafta). Sometimes he is cited without his prænomen (Sifra, Emor, vii. 11; Shab. 147b). Who his early teachers were is not...
HANANIAH B. JUDAH – Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Akiba. His name appears only twice in rabbinic lore: once in connection with a halakic midrash, where he directs his remarks to Akiba (Sifra, Ẓaw, ii. 3), and once with a homiletic...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) OF ONO – Tanna of the second century. Hananiah is remembered for a feat he accomplished in the interest of traditional law. While Akiba was in prison, awaiting his doom at the court of Tyrannus Rufus, an important marital question was...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) B. TERADION – Teacher and martyr in the third tannaitic generation (second century); contemporary of Eleazar ben PeraṬa I. and of Ḥalafta, together with whom he established certain ritualistic rules (Ta'an. ii. 5). His residence was at...
HANASIA, AHUB B. MEÏR – See Ibn Muhajar Ahub.
HANAU – Town in the province of Hesse-Nassau, Prussia. Jews settled in the territory of the counts of Hanau in the first half of the thirteenthcentury. Reinhard of Hanau was one of the princes who pledged the king's peace in 1265,...
HANAU, SOLOMON BEN JUDAH – German grammarian; born at Hanau (whence his surname) in 1687; died at Hanover Sept. 4, 1746. When but twenty-one he published at Frankfort-on-the-Main, where he had settled, a Hebrew grammar in which the ancient grammarians...
HANAU, ẒEBI HIRSH HA-LEVI BEN HAGGAI ENOCH – German rabbi; born at Vienna in 1662; died at Gemund, Bavaria, in 1740. He resided for many years at Frankfort-on-the-Main, where he assisted Jair Ḥayyim Bacharach in preparing his responsa, "Ḥawwot Ya'ir," for publication, and...
HANBURY, LILY – English actress; educated in London, where she is still (1903) residing. Her début was made in 1888 at a revival of W. S. Gilbert's "Pygmalion and Galatea" at the Savoy Theater in that city. She has since appeared on most of the...
HAND – Traces of the custom of tattooing are found in the expression "to inscribe the hands for some one (Isa. xliv. 5, xlix. 16; comp. Gal. vi. 17; see Grunwald, "Cultur- und Kunstgesch. Entwicklung der Schriftzeichen," p. 1). The...
HANDICRAFTS – Since the article Artisans was written, the preliminary results of an inquiry made during the years 1898-99 by the Jewish Colonization Association as to the occupations of the Jews of Russia have been published, giving the...
HANDWRITING – See Writing.
HANES – City in Egypt (Isa. xxx. 4); identified by Jonathan b. Uzziel and by the modern critics with Tahpanhes or Taphne (see Cheyne and Black, "Encyc. Bibl." s.v.).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HA-NESHER – See Periodicals.
HANGING – See Capital Punishment.
ḤANINA I – See Ḥanina b. Ḥama.
ḤANINA (HANANIAH) II. – Amora of the fifth century; contemporary of the Palestinian Mani II., and of Rabina, one of the compilers of the Babylonian Talmud (Yer. Ber. iii. 6a; Niddah 66b). Ḥanina attended the schools of Palestine, his native country,...