HANANIAH (ḤANINA) B. 'AḲABIA (AKIBA):
Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Judah b. 'Ilai (M. Ḳ. 21a), and probably one of the younger pupils of Gamaliel II. (Ket. viii. 1). His name rarely appears in connection with haggadot; but he was firmly grounded in the Halakah. Rab expresses great admiration for Hananiah's acumen (Shab. 83b). Notwithstanding his prominence, his prænomen as well as his patronymic is uncertain: "Hananiah" and "Ḥanina" for the former, and "'Aḳabia" and "Akiba" for the latter appearing promiscuously in connection with one and the same halakah (comp. 'Ar. i. 3; Sifra, Beḥuḳḳotai, xii. 8; 'Ar. 6b; Tosef., Parah, ix. [viii.] 9; Ḥag. 23a; Yeb. 116b). However, there is reason to believe that "'Aḳabia" is his right patronymic, and that he was the son of '
- Bacher, Ag. Tan. ii. 370;
- Brüll, Mebo ha-Mishnah, i. 211;
- Frankel, Darke ha-Mishnah, p. 186;
- Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot, ii., s.v.