Hebrew annual founded and published at Vienna by Ignatz Blumenthal of Brody, Galicia, in 1836. Only four volumes appeared, in 1836, 1857, 1860, and 1863 respectively. Their contents consisted of essays in an epistolary form on Jewish literature by the principal Jewish scholars. The first volume contained fifty letters dealing with literature, by I. S. Reggio, S. D. Luzzatto, S. Rapoport, Samson Bloch, Abraham Geiger, Gentiluomo, Della Torre, and Leopold Dukes; and poems by Wessely, Rapoport, and Joseph Almanzi. The second volume comprised twenty-four letters, the new contributors being Steinschneider, Carmoly, and R. Kirchheim. The third volume included contributions by I. Levy and Mortara in addition to the collaborators already mentioned, while the fourth and last volume contained an essay by Soave.