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Schulim Ochser, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
MOSES, BLESSING OF – Biblical Data: Name given to the chapter in Deuteronomy (xxxiii.) containing the prophetic utterances of Moses concerning the destiny of the twelve tribes, which he had led to the boundary of Palestine. Moses begins with praise...
NAḤMAN B. SAMUEL HA-LEVI – Frankist; rabbi of Busk, Galicia; lived in the first part of the eighteenth century. When Mikulski, the administrator of the archbishopric of Lemberg, invited the representatives of Judaism to a disputation with the Frankists...
NATHAN B. LABI (B. JUDAH) – German liturgist; lived at the beginning of the fourteenth century. He was the author of a liturgical work entitled "Sefer Maḥkim," and sometimes quoted as "Sefer ha-Minhagim." Though it was not published, the book was often...
NATHAN, MOSES B. SOLOMON B. NATHANAEL – Provençal liturgist; his period and birthplace are unknown. He was the author of a didactic poem entitled "Toẓe'ot Ḥayyim"; it comprises fifty-eight sections and was edited in Menahem di Lonzano's "Shete Yadot" (Venice, 1618). A...
NEBUZAR-ADAN – Biblical Data: Captain of Nebuchadnezzar's body-guard. Nebuzar-adan entered Jerusalem in 586 B.C., burned the Temple, the king's palace, and the houses of the great, razed the walls of the city, and carried many of its people...
NEHUSHTAN – Bronze figure of a serpent which was broken in pieces by Hezekiah at the beginningof his reign (II Kings xviii. 4). It was identified with the bronze serpent raised by Moses in the desert in order to heal the Israelites from the...
NICODEMUS – Prominent member of the Sanhedrin, and a man of wealth; lived in Jerusalem in the first century C.E. He is mentioned in John iii. 1-21, vii. 50, xix. 39. In the first of these passages he is represented as "a ruler of the Jews"...
NICODEMUS (NAḲDIMON) BEN GORION – Lived at Jerusalem in the first century C.E.; the wealthiest and most respected member of the peace party during the revolution in the reign of Vespasian. Ta'anit 19b relates that during a pilgrimage he engaged twelve cisterns...
NIGRIN (NEGRIN), MOSES – Cabalist; lived in Safed early in the sixteenth century; a contemporary of Moses di Trani. He is chiefly known as a commentator, and was the author of notes on Jonah Gerondi's ethical work "Sefer ha-Yir'ah," and on the same...
NIGRIN (NEGRIN), SIMON (SOLOMON) – Author; lived in Jerusalem in the early part of the seventeenth century; a grandnephew of Moses Nigrin. He is the supposed author of "Derush 'al ha-Tefillah" (Dyhernfurth, 1732), homiletic explanations of the important prayers,...
NISSIM, ḤAYYIM B. ELIJAH – Turkish rabbi; probably lived in the second half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Maẓa Ḥayyim," homilies and comments on the Pentateuch. It was published, together with some additions, by his son Samuel b. Ḥayyim...
NOAH B. PESAḤ – Acting rabbi in Pinsk; died there in 1638. He wrote a commentary on Bereshit Rabbah under the title of "Toledot Noaḥ" (Cracow, 1634).Bibliography: Fürst, Bibl. Jud. iii. 38; Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot, iii. 103; Benjacob, Oẓar...
NUREMBERG – Most important commercial city of Bavaria. According to Wagenseil ("De Civitate Norimburgiæ," p. 71), Jews were living in Nuremberg as early as the beginning of the twelfth century. A tombstone bearing the name of Elijah b....
OBADIAH – The name of thirteen different persons mentioned in the Bible. As vocalized in the Masoretic text, it means "worshiper of Yhwh." 1. Head steward to King Ahab of Israel. At the time of the persecution of the prophets of Yhwh by...
OBADIAH BEN DAVID B. OBADIAH – Commentator; born in 1325, according to Azulai ("Shem ha-Gedolim," i. 76); in 1341, according to Steinschneider ("Cat. Bodl." col. 2075, No. 6687). He wrote a commentary on Maimonides' "Yad," Ḳiddush ha-Ḥodesh, in which he gives...
OBED – 1. Son of Boaz by Ruth, the daughter of Naomi. He was named, curiously enough, by Naomi's neighbors, and not after his own kindred. Obed was the father of Jesse and the grandfather of David (Ruth iv. 17, 21, 22; I Chron. ii....
OBED-EDOM – 1. Biblical Data: A Gittite to whose house the Ark was taken when removed from that of Abinadab in Gibeah. It remained with Obed-edom three months before it was carried to the City of David; and God "blessed Obededom and all his...
OFFENBACH – Town in the province of Starkenburg in the grand duchy of Hesse. When Fettmilch caused the expulsion of the Jews from Frankfort-on-the-Main on Aug. 22, 1614, they proceeded up the river with an armed escort; but, although they...
OHOLAH – Symbolic names of two sisters mentioned in the twenty-third chapter of Ezekiel: Oholah, the taller sister, representing Samaria, as the capital of the larger kingdom, Israel; while the shorter one, Oholibah, is the...
ONAN – A son of Judah; he refused to enter into a levirate marriage with his sister-in-law after the death of his elder brother Er, and it was for this reason that the Lord "slew him also" (Gen. xxxviii. 7-10).E. G. H. S. O....
OPHRAH – 1. A town in Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 23) situated, according to Eusebius, five miles northeast of Beth-el, and probably identical with the modern Al-Ṭaiyyibah. According to I Sam. xiii. 17, it must have been a few miles north of...
OPPENHEIM – German town in the province of Rhein-Hessen. The earliest documents relating to Jews in Oppenheim date back to the thirteenth century. Unlike their coreligionists in other parts of Germany, the Jews of Oppenheim in the Middle...
ORIENT, DER – German weekly, founded by Julius Fürst, and published in Leipsic from Jan. 4, 1840, to June, 1851. Among its collaborators were Jost, Carmoly, Chajes, Letteris, Chwolson, Slonimsky, Frankel, Graetz, Jellinek, and Luzzatto. The...
OTTENSOSER, LAZARUS – German rabbi; born at Weimarsschmieden in 1798; died at Hochstädt Aug., 1878; son of the "Cultusbeamte" Naphtali Ottensoser of Weimarsschmieden, with whom he went in early youth to Kleinabstadt. Beginning life as a pedler,...
ÖTTINGEN – Former principality and county of Germany, covering about 100 square kilometers. It belonged to the two houses of Öttingen-Spielberg and Öttingen-Wallerstein, and included, aside from the capital of Öttingen, the communities of...