The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Austrian ophthalmologist; born in Prague April 13, 1840; died in Vienna Oct. 20, 1894; educated at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1861). He was admitted to the medical faculty of his alma mater as privat-docent in ophthalmology in 1864, and became professor in the University of Innsbruck in 1869. This position he resigned in 1877, returning with the title of professor to Vienna, where he again became privat-docent. In 1890 he was appointed assistant-chief physician in the eye dispensary; and four years later he was appointed professor. In 1899 a monument was erected in his honor in the "Arcaden" of Vienna University.

Mauthner wrote many essays upon neuropathy and ophthalmology for the medical journals. Among his works may be mentioned: "Die Bestimmung der Refractionsanomalien mit Hilfe des Augenspiegels," Vienna, 1867; "Lehrbuch der Ophthalmoskopie," ib. 1868; "Recherches sur la Structure du Système Nerveux," Paris, 1868; "Die Optischen Fehler des Auges," Vienna, 1872 (2d ed. 1876); "Die Syphilitischen Erkrankungen des Auges," in Zeissl's "Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde," 1873; "Die Sympathischen Augenleiden," Wiesbaden, 1879; "Die Funktionsprüfung des Auges," ib. 1880; "Gehirn und Auge," ib. 1881; "Die Lehre vom Glaukom," ib. 1882; "Die Lehre von den Augenmuskeln," ib. 1885 (2d ed. 1889); "Die Nicht Nuclearen Augenmuskellähmungen," ib. 1886; "Diagnostik und Therapie der Augenmuskellähmungen," ib. 1889.

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