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MEÏR BEN ISAAC OF ORLEANS:

French liturgical poet and, possibly, Biblical commentator of the end of the eleventh century. Meïr and his son Eleazar are quoted in the commentary to I Chron. (xxix. 11) wrongly ascribed to Rashi. He composed several piyyuṭim, the best known of which are "Torah ha-Temimah" (a supplication interspersed with many Aramaic and Talmudic words and having the general rime in , and in which he expresses his horror of apostasy) and "Almanot Ḥayyot," a seliḥah for Yom Kippur. Both piyyuṭim are signed and are acrostics containing the name "Eleazar." The second piyyuṭ was translated into German by Zunz ("S. P." p. 184). There is a seliḥah beginning "Mi yodea' yashub," referring to a massacre of 3,000 Jews by the Crusaders, which, though it is signed and is an acrostic containing the name "Eleazar," is supposed by Zunz to have been composed a century later.

Bibliography:
  • Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 33;
  • Landshuth, 'Ammude ha-'Abodah, p. 167;
  • Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 251.
J. M. Sel.
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