City in Aragon; not to be confused with Montalban in Castile, in the archbishopric of Toledo, which was also inhabited by Jews. Montalban possessed a Jewish community as early as the fourteenth century. In 1306 the governor of the place received permission to admit ten Jewish families which had been expelled from France. He was then given charge of the Jews and was empowered to adjust all their litigations. At the disputation in Tortosa the Montalban community was represented by Abu Ganda. A certain Jacob of Montalban died a martyr at Ancona in 1556.
- Isaac b. Sheshet, Responsa, § 510;
- Shebeṭ Yehudah, p. 68;
- R. E. J. xi. 153;
- Jacobs, Sources, Nos. 759, 1095, 1197.