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MUNK, HERMANN:

German physiologist; born at Posen Feb. 3, 1839; brother of Immanuel Munk; educated at the universities of Berlin and Göttingen (M.D. 1859). In 1860 he settled as a physician in Berlin, and he was admitted to the medical faculty of the university two years later, becoming assistant professor in 1869. In 1876 he was appointed professor of physiology at the veterinary college. In 1880 he was elected member of the Prussian Academy of Science, and in 1897 honorary professor at the university.

Munk is well known for his researches on the functions of the gray matter of the cerebral cortex. Among his many essays in the medical journals may be mentioned: "Ueber Ei- und Samenbildung und Befruchtung bei den Nematoden," in "Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie," ix. 1859; "Abhandlungen zur Allgemeinen Nervenphysiologie," in Du Bois' "Archiv," 1860 et seq.; "Ueber Kataphorie und Galvanische Einführung in den Organismus," ib. 1873; "Ueber Herz- und Kehlkopfnerven," ib. 1878-94; "Ueber Bewegung und Milchsecretion," ib. 1883; "Ueber die Schilddrüse," in "Sitzungsberichte der Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaften," 1887-88, and in Virchow's "Archiv," 1897 et seq.; "Weitere Abhandlungen zur Physiologie der Grosshirnrinde," in "Festschrift für Virchow," 1891, in "Sitzungsberichte der Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaften," 1892 et seq., and in Virchow's "Archiv," 1894-95.

Of his works may be mentioned: "Untersuchungen über das Wesen der Nervenerregung," Leipsic, 1868; "Die Elektrischen und Bewegungserscheinungen am Blatte der Dionæa Muscipula," ib. 1876; "Ueber die Functionen der Grosshirnrinde. Gesammelte Mitteilungen aus den Jahren 1877-80," Berlin, 1881; "Ueber die Functionen der Grosshirnrinde. Gesammelte Mitteilungen aus den Jahren 1877-89," ib. 1890.

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