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MURVIEDRO:

City in the old kingdom of Valencia. Its Jewish community had special privileges, and a plot of ground was assigned to it in 1327 for a cemetery. During the rebellion of the Unionists in 1348, the Jews of Murviedro were plundered and many of the defenseless ones killed; but during the general slaughter of 1391 Murviedro was the only place in the kingdom where the Jews were spared. The community, however, had been so reduced that in 1431 it could pay a tax of only 100 sueldos. Yusuf ibn Shaprut was a very prominent person at Murviedro in the last third of the thirteenth century. In 1271 he was exempted from all taxes; two years later he rented the baths of the city, and was presented with real estate by the king; and in 1277 he was appointed bayle.

Bibliography:
  • Rios, Hist. ii. 299, 401; iii. 82;
  • Crescas, circular letter in Shebeṭ Yehudah, ed. Wiener, p. 130;
  • Jacobs, Sources, Nos. 402, 511, 521, 673, 930;
  • Isaac b. Sheshet, Responsa, Nos. 298, 348, 351.
S. M. K.
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