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NEUDA, ABRAHAM:

Austrian rabbi; born at Loschitz, Moravia, in 1812; died there Feb. 22, 1854. He was the son of R. Aaron Neuda of Loschitz, and the nephew of R. Jacob Neuda of Lomnitz, Moravia. In 1830 he entered the Talmudic school at Nikolsburg, at whose head was "Landesrabbiner" Nehemiah Trebitsch. While he was at Nikolsburg his father died (1834), and the community of Loschitz elected Abraham as his successor. Against this election, in accordance with a privilege vested in the district rabbi by law, Nehemiah Trebitsch interposed a veto. This action gave rise to legal proceedings, which were pressed by both parties with great exacerbation for six years, but which finally terminated in favor of Neuda, after he had passed an examination. He married the authoress Fanny Schmiedl.

Neuda wrote the following works: "Eine Auswahl Gottesdienstlicher Vorträge, Gehalten in der Synagoge zu Loschitz" (Vienna, 1845); "Die Nächstenliebe im Lichte der Gotteslehre," sermon preached on the first day of Passover, 1847 (ib. 1847); "Namen der Talmudisten" (in "Orient, Lit." 1845, Nos. 9 et seq.). He left in manuscript: "Die Namen der Farben in Bibel und Talmud"; "Versuch einer Psychologie nach Anschauung des Talmuds"; and "Eine Gesch. der Juden in Mähren," extracts from which appeared in "Neuzeit" (Vienna, 1867).

Bibliography:
  • Ungarisch-Jüdische Wochenschrift, 1871, pp. 358 et seq., 365 et seq.
S. M. K.
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