Austrian writer; born in 1816; died Aug. 2, 1882. He received his education in the yeshibah of Prague and by private tuition. He was especially interested in the history of the Jews in Prague, where for thirty years he occupied the position of secretary of the ḥebra ḳaddisha. He collected many manuscripts and memorials concerning the Jews of Prague. He published Benedict Foges' work, "Altertümer der Prager Josefstadt," Prague, 1870, which was based mainly on documents collected by Podiebrad.