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SACHS, JOHANN JACOB (JOSEPH ISIDOR):

German physician; born at Märkisch Friedland July 26, 1803; died at Nordhausen Jan. 11, 1846. Educated at the University of Königsberg (M.D. 1827), he established himself as a physician in Berlin. There he founded in 1832 the "Berliner Medizinische Zeitung," called from 1833 to 1842 "Berliner Medizinische Central-Zeitung," and since the last-noted year "Allgemeine Medizinische Central-Zeitung," under which name the journal is now (1905) published. From 1835 he published also the "Medizinischer Almanach," and from 1837 the "Repertorisches Jahrbuch für die Leistungen der Gesammten Heilkunde," a continuation of Bluff's "Jahrbücher der Fortschritte der Medizin." These two papers were combined in 1843 and issued under the title "Medizinischer Almanach."

In 1841 Sachs received the title "Medizinalrath" from the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1843 he moved to Nordhausen, where he opened a publishing-house.

Sachs was a prolific writer. His literary undertakings were attacked by J. Mindig and M. Kalisch in 1842, and he defended himself in several essays, especially in "Zur Würdigung der Seitherigen Literarischen Umtriebe Gegen Mich," Berlin, 1842. Among his works may be mentioned: "Grundriss der Diätetik beim Gebrauch Aller Mineralwässer," Berlin, 1830; "Ueber die Cholera auf Deutschem Boden," ib. 1831; "Die Influenza in Ihrem Wesen und Ihrer Verbreitung," Potsdam, 1832; "Christian Wilhelm Hufeland," Berlin, 1832; "Das Leben und Streben Samuel Hahnemann's," ib. 1834.

Bibliography:
  • Hirsch, Biog. Lex.;
  • Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums, 1903, p. 356.
S. F. T. H.
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