German physician; born at Sleswick, Sleswick-Holstein, April 5, 1837; son of Jacob Salomon; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, and Kiel (M. D. 1861). After a postgraduate course under Von Graefe, he became in 1862 assistant at the city hospital of Altona. Joining the Prussian army in 1866, he served as surgeon until 1870, when he established himself as a physician in Hamburg. In 1874 he removed to Berlin, where he is still practising (1905), having received the title of "Sanitätsrath."
Of Salomon's works may be mentioned: "Geschichte der Glycosurie von Hippocrates bis zum Anfange des 19. Jahrhunderts," Leipsic, 1871; "Die Krankheiten des Nevensystems," Brunswick, 1872; "Die Entwicklung des Medicinalwesens in England, mit Vergleichenden Seitenblicken auf Deutschland und Reformvorschlägen," Munich, 1884; "Handbuch der Speciellen Internen Therapie," Berlin, 1885 (3d ed., 1897; translated into Italian, Milan, 1889); "Lungenkrankheiten," Berlin, 1886, 1887; Leipsic, 1888; Hamburg, 1890 (a translation of Germain Sée's "Médecine Clinique"); "Giorgio Baglivi und Seine Zeit," Berlin, 1889; "Die Kinderheilstätten an den Deutschen Seeküsten in Ihrem, Kampfe Gegen die Tuberculose," ib. 1899; "Amatus Lusitanus und Seine Zeit," ib. 1901; "Die Tuberkulose als Volkskrankheit und Ihre Bekämpfung Durch Verhütungsmassnahmen," ib. 1904.
- Hirsch, Biog. Lex.;
- Pagel, Biog. Lex.